Too many knives and not enough school: In the South, the right to education has been halved

They don’t go to school there. Or they go there very little. The schools they attend are often dilapidated and devoid of services which instead in the rest of the country are completely normal like the canteen and the gym. Many at the end of school leave the class forever without having sufficient skills. I am the boys from Campania. They are our young people whom politics seems to have forgotten. And then while early school dropouts skyrocket, the school emergency becomes an emergency for crime and juvenile delinquency with a huge spread of small knives among the smallest.

The numbers that tell our children’s childhood and youth are merciless. In the south, about 650,000 students in government primary schools (79% of the total) do not benefit from any canteen service. In Campania there are 200 thousand (87%), in Sicily 184 thousand (88%), in Puglia 100 thousand (65%), in Calabria 60 thousand (80%). In Center-Nord there are 700,000 students without a canteen, 46% of the total number. Around 550,000 primary school pupils in the South (66% of the total number) do not go to school with a gym. Only Puglia has a good number of gyms, while Campania is clearly behind (170,000 students without, 73% of the total). And again, in the South they are registered almost 4 hours a week less than in Centre-Nord. This results in one year of primary school less for the entire cycle.

As a result of lack of infrastructure only 18% of students in the south have full-time access to school, compared to 48% in Centre-Nord. «The discussion about the gap between the school system in the north and the south has been open for years – comments Stefano Zen, principal of Liceo Mazzini in Naples – and unfortunately it must be admitted that in the south the right to study is practically halved. With the autonomy of the school, we have lost a great opportunity – adds Zen – not born as a resource to allow each school and each manager to move according to the needs of that institution has resulted in a lot of legal disputes to deal with ». The school doesn’t seem to be anyone’s priority, and the Svimez data already published in the columns of yesterday’s newspaper is added to that of the latest Openpolis report. The problem concerns not only the children who do not attend school at all, but also those who go to school, but without learning almost anything.

The phenomenon is called implicit school dropout. In 2021, 9.5% of students in Italy left secondary school without having acquired the relevant skills. If we move to Campania, the percentage doubles and rises to 20.10%, while the percentage of those who drop out of school is high, stopping at 17.30%. Campania is thus only second to Calabria in the school emergency. When analyzing the results of the Invalsi tests, among the 100 municipalities with the lowest scores are 63 in the south, 19 in the islands, 11 in central Italy and 3 and 4 respectively in the northwest and northeast. Specifically, 24 are located between Naples (9) and Salerno (13). All this results in children who, instead of being at school, are out and about alone. And so the scholastic and cultural emergency often translates into youth deviance, and Naples knows something about it. “Light knives? School dropouts are a scourge “confirms the deputy prosecutor at the juvenile court in Naples Emilia Galante Sorrentino, who in an interview with Ansa explains how it is also necessary to strengthen control with more patrols. “Surely, the city should be monitored more by cameras, but above all, there is a need for a timely notification of the abandonment of compulsory schooling”, since “in most cases, those who commit crimes of this nature come from families that do not are paying particular attention to education”, he concluded. the legal assistant.

Born in Naples on September 28, 1992, fascinated by the power of words, she decided, not without incident along the way, that they would become her job. Freelance journalist follows with interest the changes in the city and its main characters.

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