Electric cars: what is pros and cons? What are the advantages and disadvantages? The question is absolutely legitimate considering the number of innovations that car manufacturers have recently presented, but also for the 2021 auto eco bonus that makes electric cars more palatable.
Knowing the pros and cons of electric cars is a rather complex topic, so let’s try to break it down between financial convenience, practical use and ecology to identify and investigate any doubts.
Let’s see together the most important topics you need to know when trying to understand the pros and cons of the electric car.
Can you save money with the electric car?
Let’s try to examine the savings and costs to assess the pros and cons of electric cars. There is the purchase price, which is much higher than for a traditional car. Of course, the state incentives, to which regional incentives are added, the price list goes down.
From a fiscal point of view, the car tax exemption for the first 5 years, and even for the exemption forever in Lombardy and Piedmont, must be viewed positively. Speaking of exemptions, you are entitled tofree access to ZTLand many municipalities are allowed park for free on the blue lines.
As for the infrastructure of the home wallbox it is often offered in a campaign, included in the price of the car. In general, we are talking about a cost between 1,500 and 3,000 € depending on the models and the selected effect. However, it is possible to bring it with you tax deduction the cost of purchasing and installing it. As for the wallbox, theincreasing the power of the domestic standard system from 3 kW. In this case, the costs vary with the power required and it is necessary to contact your electricity manager.
The big savings of electric cars relate to maintenance of the engine and brakes, which suffer less wear and tear than traditional cars. In addition, some components are not found on electric cars. There is of course no need to check, repair or replace spark plugs, clutch, starter motor, radiator and exhaust terminal.
Conversely, battery maintenance can be expensive. In this case, it is necessary to check the warranty on the battery pack when purchasing the electric car, or whether they are supplied, for example, on lease.
From a driving point of view, one of the great advantages of electric cars is being able to recover energy when braking or when coasting thanks to regenerative braking. The city proves to be the ideal environment, as acceleration and braking follow each other. In this way, the battery is frequently recharged, which increases the autonomy. When traveling on the highway, on the other hand, the battery is constantly used without ever giving it the opportunity to recharge: it is obvious that the autonomy in this case decreases faster.
How much does a full tank cost?
Another of the advantages and disadvantages of electric cars concerns the price of “full electricity”, we have also talked about this in this article on the cost of charging electric cars. As for the cost of fully domestic fuel, despite what many sources report, the calculation is not that simple. It essentially depends on the contract that has been set, which of course can be different and can include promotions.
Remember that the bills contain the things that concern fixed offer (costs of marketing, sales and shipping) and Qreverse energy (proportional to consumption € / kWh energy, dispatch, imbalance, energy compensation). In addition, there is the cost of the meter and the transport, which includes one fixed offer (independent of consumption), the share of power (relative to the applied power) and variable share (in relation to the amount of transported energy).
The prices are updated per 31 March 2022, a few days after the inevitable increase in the tariffs of the main operators. Enel X, for example, saw an increase in AC charging from €0.40/kWh to €0.58/kWh, almost 20 cents more, which seems few, but leads to a higher cost increase from 5 to over 10 euros depending on the battery capacity.
It must be said that the increase almost exclusively affected the slower 22 or 50 kW columns, while the more powerful ones remained unchanged at €0.79 / kWh.
How long does it take for a full charge?
Currently, a full recharge can be performed with a time between 2 and 12 hours. Although the 2 hours more is a theoretical time, hard to find today in reality. The slowest charging is via home sockets unless you install a wall box, which however increases the power of the home system as we have seen above.
Public columns allow faster refills than domestic ones. A separate case for Tesla, which, thanks to its Tesla Superchargers located near hotels and rest stops on the highway, is able to provide a full charge in 40 minutes.
Are electric cars practical?
Electric cars are undoubtedly practical in the city. It is precisely in the city that we can even talk about driving pleasure, thanks to acceleration and sprint that can be compared to sports cars. Juggling traffic is easier thanks to the always available pair.
On the other hand, it is not easy to find slots available in the city, both because of the small number and the fact that they are “illegally” occupied by those who do not have the right. In any case, the autonomy and the fact of the few charging points reduce the degree of practical electric cars: it is necessary to plan the movements to avoid being “dry” of electricity.
How long is the range of electric cars?
Please note that the maximum autonomy is always indicated, it is the one obtained under the most favorable conditions. Of necessity, the real autonomy is lower than that declared in the various homologation cycles. Depending on the models on the market today, it ranges from about 200 to 500 km of maximum autonomy.
The autonomy depends on several facts, such as of course the driving style, the flat or uphill road, the use of air conditioning and of course anything electric.
Do electric cars respect the environment?
When evaluating the advantages and disadvantages of electric cars, the environmental aspect is one of the factors that must be taken into account. On the one hand, we have zero emissions: electric cars do not emit exhaust gases. For this reason, they could be a decisive factor in reducing smog in cities.
However, it is necessary to verify how the electric cars’ electricity was produced. It is desirable that electricity is produced from renewable sources, but we know that this is not the case at the moment. In Italy, for example, coal-fired power plants are still a feature, in addition to turbogas, while you know that our country buys energy from French nuclear power plants.
Not only that, batteries also produce pollution. We are therefore talking about the mineral extraction phase used in the production phase, but also the problematic disposal phase.
Our test drives
But how are electric cars on the road? Below are some test runs of the tests we have published in recent months.
- Hyundai Ioniq 5: the first contact report on the roads of Valencia
- The review of the new electric Citroen e-C4 with the first impressions on the road
- Mazda MX-30 Electric in-depth review with road test
- Hyundai Kona Electric: the electric test drive.
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