“Mom, my stomach hurts.” How many times, on the beach and beyond, you hear a small voice rising to signal the disturbance. And how often is it necessary to take action, also because often ai abdominal pains classic diarrhea and/or nausea and vomiting are associated. In short, while not forgetting that there are more infections caused by bacteriaalso and above all associated with foods that are not perfectly preserved, there is no doubt that even in the summer they are the viruses that cause the classic “stomach flu“Is on the agenda, thanks to the proximity that favors the transmission of invisible enemies and the increase in temperature. What to do? Let’s try to give some general advice.
Simple rules for handling the situation
Abdominal pain, often accompanied by diarrhea and sometimes by nausea and vomiting, is the most common symptom in children in summer. The temperature rise typical of this summer season facilitates the growth, development and spread of viruses capable of causing gastroenteritis. This infection spreads in the stomach and intestines, which are mainly carried by viruses such as rotavirus, adenovirus, coxsackie virus, Echo virus.
They are invisible “enemies”, can cause different symptoms. From severe stomach pain to diarrhoea, from fever to respiratory disorders such as cough and sore throat. However, this type of “double action” also on the bronchi and throat is not typical of all these enteric viruses, because it occurs more commonly after infections with coxsackie and Echo virus. However, all these viral strains have other elements in common. Primarily incubation time relatively short.
THAT symptoms in fact, they start within a few days of the initial infection. As if that were not enough, they spread very easily: they pass from one individual to another through simple human contact. In general, it must be said that everything passes within a few days. Perhaps with the help of medication that can help curb the discomfort. But it is also necessary take some precautionsstarting from the table.
The power supplywhich can safely be resumed after the first six to eight hours after the onset of symptoms should provide a few days for babies diet with boiled rice and potatoes and lemon in case of diarrhoea, to avoid burdening the intestine. Don’t worry too much if your toddler doesn’t have the usual appetite: even skipping a meal if the body is unable to accept food is not a problem. completely different speech for fluid intake.
Because of the heat, maybe a few streaks of fever and sweating, it is always advisable to make sure that the little one takes water, fruit juice, juice and sweetened iced tea. In short, it is necessary to ensure that fluids and mineral salts are never lacking. To know if the situation requires intervention, don’t just rely on the classic signs like pain, diarrhea or fever. be careful if the child seems drowsy and different from usual. It is advisable to talk to the pediatrician.
The rotavirus case
Although the season is not really in danger, there is viruses that are particularly terrifying for younger children. This is the case with rotavirus, which is one of the most common causes of pediatric diarrhea and vomiting, especially in infants and children under five. Having the virus does not provide effective protection against the disease, although infections acquired in later years and adulthood tend to present in a milder form. In young children, Rotavirus gastroenteritis can in some cases, cause severe diarrhea associated with dehydration which requires hospitalization and can develop rapidly and be fatal in the absence of adequate supportive medical treatment, as is often the case in developing countries.
Once it enters the body, the virus has approx two days of incubation to produce symptoms: mild to moderate fever, upset stomach, vomiting and watery diarrhea. Overall, the illness lasts an average of 3-8 days. Common hygiene practices, such as hand washing, reduce the transmission of infection. But it must be remembered that in this case there are vaccines that can avert the risks, considering that the main route of infection for rotavirus is the fecal-oral route, but the spread can also happen by contact and via the respiratory tract. The spread from person to person through contamination of the hands it is probably the most widespread, especially in kindergartens.