With two authoritative interventions, a debate on advanced artistic and musical education has recently opened up in these pages; it was a deserved editorial choice, as these are the institutions from which future generations of artists emerge and where “management cadres and professionals at all levels of the cultural and creative business community” should be trained. as Dario Giugliano noteswhich reminds us how strategic this sector is for our economy.
However, it is a motley world which, in the opinion of many, has not been given the importance it deserves. We are talking about 159 institutions (86 state and 73 non-state): 20 art academies, 18 legally recognized academies, 59 state music conservatories, 18 higher institutes of non-state music studies, 5 higher institutes of state art industries, 1 academy national dance, 1 National Academy of Dramatic Art, 37 other private entities approved to issue Afam titles with legal value.
What is striking is the high number of private institutions (including legally recognized academies and institutions in the field of music, art, dance and drama with accredited courses) which give Afam the special character of a mixed system. These numbers are destined to change with the impending statization of higher institutes of music studies and historical academies; at that time there were to be 109 state institutions and 50 private ones. But the mixed nature does not change and represents Afam’s specificity, all the more clearly when comparing the number of students: compared to 80,000 enrolled in Afam institutions as a whole, 21,000 students are enrolled in non-state institutions (net of students from the higher institutes of musical studies and historical academies). At AFAM, every fourth student therefore studies in a private facility.
This peculiar condition, the source of the liveliness and dynamism that characterizes Afam’s current profile, has had a decisive rise in the last decade, and this must be attributed to the Ministry. Such a situation is a guarantee of growth, as always in the public-private confrontation, as long as it is managed and managed with the necessary flexibility. For this purpose, the ministry has two tools, the evaluation agency (Anvur) and the newly created Higher Education Council (Cnam): with their synergistic support, it will be possible to initiate an action with orderly management of the system, which strengthens the excellence, present both in the public and in the private sector, raising the overall quality without distorting its particularities.
Cnam’s careful action, with the concentration of its various sensitivities and experiences, will be able to guarantee this harmonious development, especially in light of the imminent “challenges” that await the whole sector, from recruitment to programming, to the revision of decrees , for didactic models for which I make my own Paolo Troncon’s words (addressed to the Conservatories, but can be extended to the entire system): “The new teaching model has not always, as expected, expanded the knowledge that the student has provided for use in the job search. In fact, the model has sometimes become counterproductive from a professional point of view”.
For this, as for all the other “challenges”, the comparison and the public-private cooperation will guarantee the success and thus the progress of the Afam system, because it offers students an increasingly varied and quality education that confirms its international appeal. and strengthen the “beauty economy”, which represents a winning card for our country.
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