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The implications for the world of photography, since the first lens appeared in mobile phones, have been many: on the one hand, the photos have indeed no longer remained a rare and valued commodity, but each of us makes at least one a day; on the other hand, however, everyone had the opportunity to experiment with a new passion, thus boosting an area that until a few years ago was considered difficult and niche. It is therefore no coincidence that more and more people have started to inquire about the purchase of complex cameras such as reflex or mirrorless cameras. Those who fall into this category will find the following lines useful, where we have collected all the models currently available on the market to choose the most suitable one according to their specific needs.
The first category of cameras encountered in order of complexity is compact or standard: usually cheap and small devices perfect for those who are new to photography and looking for a tool to start getting used to the medium. However, they are models with reduced functionality that, in order to meet needs such as portability and lightness, give up something in relation to the quality of the recordings. Precisely for this reason, since top-of-the-range smartphones have started to implement increasingly high-performance lenses, their sales have collapsed. However, the optical zoom they are equipped with makes them slightly superior.
The superzoom versions
A step above the compact, the superzoom cameras are equipped with lenses with a zoom factor of 20x and up: this is actually the most important aspect that distinguishes them from the simpler standards. Thanks to this ability, they allow the photographer to capture complex and panoramic scenes, but also small details located at considerable distances. However, it must be taken into account that when the zoom is taken to the extreme it is very difficult to get a sharp image, because without a support that stabilizes the instrument (such as a tripod) the internal stabilizer cannot be effective.
The bridge models
Once you have good confidence in the vehicle, you can move on to the bridge models, which really only differ from the compact and superzoom models in the ability to disable the automatic functions and manually calibrate all aspects of the shot: the same name identifies them actually as a bridge between the versions that are easier to use and those that, on the contrary, require more technique such as reflex cameras. Depending on the subject you prefer to capture, you can vary the zoom factor, while if you want a precise focus, it is useful to consider the aperture, which should be less than F / 2.8.
Rugged cameras, designed for outdoor shooting, as they are able to withstand any drop and immersion in water, can also be included in the category of bridges. Therefore, those who plan to make frequent use of the instrument while on vacation in nature will find in these models the answer to their needs, provided, however, that they are willing to give up some quality, since the optical component of the machine is inserted. in a shell to make it more resistant.
When things start to get serious and you want to make an important qualitative leap, the only thing left is to switch to reflex cameras, which by definition allow the lens to be changed according to the subject and are equipped with an optical viewfinder that allows you to observe the scene of how it will be immortalized. As the size suggests, these are not manageable and easily transportable instruments: the purchase must therefore be carefully evaluated, perhaps starting with somewhat inexpensive models and then moving on to more complex versions if the passion continues to grow. In any case, a reflex camera allows you to set all the shooting settings manually: it will therefore be the photographer who sets all aspects based on what he wants to capture and the effect he wants to achieve to make his photographs truly personal and unique.
If the top step of the podium in this imaginary competition of complexity is occupied by reflex cameras, mirrorless cameras are still a good alternative. In fact, we are talking about cameras with interchangeable lenses like the reflexes discussed in the previous section, but which – unlike the latter – do not have an optical viewfinder, but a display with a preview of what will be filmed. Although for years photography purists considered them a useless hybrid, today they are among the preferred models of professionals because they allow you to get all the advantages of manual adjustment of the image combined with the ability to know in advance how the image will turn out.
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