Marchesi (Udc): ‘Differentiation in school serves everyone’

“Why impose on young people, in full development, what will then be a defamatory label?” the entrepreneur close to the right Alberto Siccardi asked himself about the level system in middle school yesterday at Spaziolibero. A voice out of the chorus from the right, or is something about to change? The first. “We are against removing difficulties in school, because in reality it means equalizing everyone, and that is not in anyone’s interest” explains the UDC president in an interview with ‘Regionen’ Piero Marchesi. Even if “we agree to do some thinking”.


One thing I agree with Siccardi is that the levels today are perceived in a negative way. Not necessarily for a matter of profit, but for the subjectivity of households, businesses and the economy. Those looking for an apprenticeship in technical subjects, let’s say an electrician, often prefer maths and we know that if you have a B level you are unlikely to have a good path. That said, something needs to be done to improve training. Our recipe is simple: to provide equal opportunity to achieve the maximum possible for each individual, but also to recognize that each student is different from the others. We have been asking for this through parliamentary acts for eight years. Levels A and B are exceeded, but they cannot be removed by establishing some kind of single level. We have to think about other systems, we are also inspired by what is happening in internal Switzerland, where there are different education courses. For example, a path that forms more towards an apprenticeship, and one aimed at higher studies at the same time that, through the catwalk courses, the individual student is given the freedom to change if he has verified that that choice is not the right path . We are not even against extending the school by a year. Differentiation must be strengthened with new tools. However, it is not only the “system” that needs to change, but also the return of a scholastic mentality in favor of merit, sacrifice, commitment of those who go to school and parents.

What role should education play in entering working life?

A very important role. Today, unfortunately, we train the unemployed rather than professionals. Let me explain: The economic world needs to be listened to more, as a young person must have the prospect of working and earning a living, and can do so if the needs of the economy are met. It is certainly not the school that changes them, if anything it is the school that has to orient themselves towards working life and at the same time give everyone the opportunity to choose the path they prefer. As long as we continue, as DECS unfortunately does today, to structure the school in an impenetrable way, and refuse to look outside the school environment, we will certainly not be in the best interests of the students.

Aiti has published a study on the needs of the world of work in the coming years. A starting point or a draw?

Definitely a home base. I greatly appreciate Aiti’s efforts to make this contribution, which today, however, must be made by the canton and by DECS in particular, to build and develop the strategies of the future. Let me give a very concrete example: today we see that the pharmaceutical sector in Ticino has had a very strong development and also offers employment opportunities. Unfortunately, the canton does not take advantage of this at all, because most of the new jobs are cross-border. The phenomenon was immediate and it was not managed in the ideal way by ensuring that the canton set the framework conditions for this economy to develop and create qualified jobs for the residents. In Ticino there is no school that trains in this area.

The left wing’s accusation is that they want an exclusive school and ‘for the rich’.

That is not entirely true. The demonstration is my personal example: I started my education as an apprentice electrician, I did all the high school courses and then university. Today the school system is certainly good, but it needs to be improved. Those who make these accusations, which I find somewhat sterile and which I send back to sender, make them when they do not want to concentrate on the essence. In other words, how to ensure that we provide opportunities for our young people and not educate the unemployed, as we unfortunately do today.

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