Government crisis, the 6 school reforms linked to PNRR and today in balance

With Government crisisto be in balance is 6 school reforms wanted by Minister of Education Patrizio Bianchithe outcome of negotiations with Europe on Pnrr. The government’s and Minister Bianchi’s intention is to push for these reforms and for the various implementing decrees (in connection with current affairs) to meet the December deadlines with Europe and complete the unfinished business in light of the additional funding tranches. We remind you that on education, between reforms and renewal of school buildings, therefore between investment in skills and investment in infrastructure, NRR has allocated a total of between 17 and 18 billion euroswith a first tranche of over DKK 5 billion. already arrived and a further 12 billion section linked to the achievement of the objectives.

What reforms are we talking about?

  1. There reorganization of the school system (the dimensioning reform),
  2. there education of the staff,
  3. the procedures regarding recruitment,
  4. system off orientation,
  5. the reorganization of technical and vocational institutes,
  6. the reform of Higher technical institutes (ITS).

System reforms which concerns the most strategic aspects of the school, in the idea of ​​Minister Bianchi. Which one timing? In accordance with the European Commission’s guidelines and EU Regulation No. 241/2021, all reforms should be adopted at the latest December 2022.

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The most full-bodied is the one reform of teacher recruitment and trainingwhich, as we have explained in several articles, is governed by decree 36 transformed into law 79/2022. Now we await the implementing decrees and those Dpcm of July.

The most loved by Minister Bianchi? There The ITS reform, already finally approved in the chambers. From today, the higher technological institutes – the ITS Academy – find a stable regulatory reference framework that relies on 1.5 billion euros activated by the National Recovery and Resilience Plan. The reform must finally enter the system in 2025.

The one who has just started his course is there orientation reformlinked to combating school dropout, which immediately led to discussions about the allocation of resources to the schools, which was assessed as unfair. The Minister of Education Patrizio Bianchi just a few days ago he wrote to the school leaders in Favored institutions of the former 500 million assigned under Plan to reduce territorial gaps and contrasting early school leaving, envisaged by the National Recovery and Resilience Plan (PNRR). The Minister’s letter accompanies “Guidelines for the implementation of initiatives in schools”, A document designed to guide schools in the strategic use of available resources.

  • Reform of teacher education: with this reform they intend to form 1 million peopleincluding teachers, managers and Ata, before 2025. The reform envisages the establishment of a Secondary education and post-secondary education for school leaders, teachers and ATA staff. Indire, Invalsi and Italian and foreign universities will be involved to guarantee a quality continuing education system in accordance with European standards. The goal is to provide pedagogical and didactic training that, together with an in-depth knowledge of the subject, gives the opportunity to to effectively face the challenge of imparting methodological, digital and cultural skills in connection with high-quality teaching. This is the only reform with a budget of 34 million euros, MI specifies.
  • The recruitment reform: through the new system they intend to employ 70,000 teachers in 2024. The objective is determine a significant improvement in the quality of training coursesto offer students increasingly better levels of knowledge, interpersonal and methodical-using skills, as well as cover the vacant seats with permanent teachers on a regular and stable basis.
  • ITS reform: the reform aims at increase the number of institutes and membersto bridging the gap between labor supply and demand. ITS will, also thanks to partnerships with companies, universities, research centers and local authorities, be able to offer this way increasingly advanced job-oriented higher education coursesi for the training of technicians who manage highly complex systems and processes in six areas: energy efficiency; sustainable mobility; new life technologies; new technologies for Made in Italy; innovative technologies for cultural heritage and related activities; information and communication technologies.
  • Size reform: the reform intends to intervene regarding two strategic aspects, the number of female students per class and the size of the school networkin light of the birth rate, with expected effects on the quality of learning.
  • Orientation reform and four-year schools: already in 2022 the reform should have been introduced orientation modules in primary and secondary schools (at least 30 hours for female students and students in the fourth and fifth years). For this purpose, a digital platform of information regarding the universities’ higher education offer and ITS for to synergize the education system, the university system and working life and discourage early school dropout and the growth of cocoons. The reform also allows forexpanding the experiments with four-year colleges and technicianswith an additional 1,000 classes in as many schools (in addition to the current 100).
  • Reform of technical and vocational institutes: funds align the curricula of technical and professional institutes with the demand for skills coming from the country’s productive structureespecially towards the innovation output from the national Industry 4.0 plan and towards the digital innovation that will increase the employability of students.

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