Sea, mountains, countryside or city: regardless of the destination for the next holiday, protecting our children’s skin from the sun is of fundamental importance. In summer, indeed with high temperatures and at all latitudes, the danger of sunburn is always around the corner.

That Sun he is both a friend and an enemy to our skin and even more so to ours children.

And if while many dermatological pathologies such as psoriasis, Atopic dermatitis And vitiligo improves thanks to the beneficial immunomodulatory effect of the sun, during the summer there are many skin diseases that can alarm parents and represent real pediatric dermatological emergencies. First of all, the risks that are derived from sunburn.

It is absolutely necessary – explains Prof.ssa Gabriella Fabbrocinidirector of the UOC of Clinical Dermatology at the University of Naples Federico II – prevent the child exposed to the sun from getting burned. The intense and careless exposure to the sun in childhood, with sunburn and erythema, is actually among the greatest risk factors for the development of skin cancer in adulthood”.

Avoid exposing yourself during the hottest hours, from 12:00 to 16:00, always wear a hat and clothes if the exposure is too long, are some of the tips to avoid the risk of burns. In addition, use an SPF 50+ filter protection, with a cream formulation and not a spray, apply it 30 minutes before exposure and then every hour, and always after bathing or sweating.


Not just the sun. Insects, bacteria And animals they can, especially with their spread in summer, pose a potential risk to the skin of the little ones.

These include the following skin reactions insect bite such as bees, wasps, bedbugs, fleas and ticks, which in some children can cause excessive skin reactivity by developing itchy erythematous papules, even at a distance from the puncture site, causing multiple lesions localized to the trunk and limbs, configuring the clinical picture from papular urticariacharacterized by a intense itching which sometimes make children restless and alarm parents.

Most often this type of manifestations – continues Prof. Fabbrocini – requires treatment with topical and sometimes systemic antihistamines and corticosteroids. Hence the benefit of putting repellent sprays in your travel bag to prevent any bites“.

Also in the summer, one of the parents’ biggest worries at the sea is the possible contact with Aquarius, which causes an unpleasant burning sensation and the formation of urticarial papules and plaques. Jellyfish do not sting or bite, but in response to potential danger, its tentacles emit a stinging substance to the skin.

“In case of contact with an Aquarius – explains Prof. Gabriella Fabbrocini – it is advisable to immediately wash the affected part abundantly with sea water, not fresh water, to dilute the poison that has not yet penetrated, and apply decongestant creams containing substances such as pantheonit is hyaluronic acid is it they are important if applied and reapplied during the following hours.”.

Also sea ​​urchin and some species of marine flora can cause the appearance of itchy papules and, in the case of sea urchins, the formation of granulomas, which are sometimes difficult to deal with therapeutically.

At the seaside is another common event that can scare parentsimpetigo, a pyoderma caused mainly by non-pathogenic bacteria such as streptococci and staphylococci that are able to colonize the skin especially in humid heat conditions, especially in the presence of small wounds. These can cause vesicular lesions or small erosions covered with honey-colored crusts, typically in the area of ​​the costume or on the face, near the nose and mouth.

“In more serious cases – concludes Prof. Fabbrocini – the cutaneous manifestations are associated with fever increases and extracutaneous localizations, such as pharyngeal and renal. Therefore, the need for an early diagnosis and rapid therapy by local disinfection of the skin and use of antibiotic creams, in the most severe and resistant cases, with systemic antibiotic treatment.

Finally, special attention is also paid to the outbreaks that may occur afterwards stay on the rocks. In case these conditions occur, don’t worry, just contact the dermatologist specialist right away who will be able to recognize them and treat them in the most appropriate way.

The 10 rules for correct sun exposure in children

  1. Avoid exposing yourself during the hottest hours (from 12 to 4 p.m.)
  2. Always wear a hat
  3. Use a photo protection with SPF 50+ filter
  4. Avoid applying sunscreen
  5. Prefer photo protection with cream formulation over spray formulations
  6. Apply the photo protection 30 minutes before the photo exposure and every sunny time
  7. Reapply the photo protector after showering or sweating
  8. If the exposure is long, it is preferable to wear clothes
  9. Avoid trauma that can induce a Koebner effect
  10. Apply a urea-based moisturizer as an after-sun cream”


  1. Get the child out of the water
  2. If you are offshore, support the child and call attention for help,
  3. Check that there are no parts of the jellyfish’s tentacles stuck to the skin, and if necessary, remove them carefully with your hands.
  1. Avoid scratching or rubbing the sand on the painful area.
  2. Do not use ammonia, vinegar, alcohol or lemon juice – they will make the situation worse.
  3. Finally, keep in mind that the area of ​​skin affected by jellyfish remains sensitive to sunlight and tends to darken quickly.
  4. To prevent the skin from staining, it is good to avoid antihistamine ointments and keep the affected area covered or well protected by a sunscreen until the inflammation ration disappears (two weeks at most).
  5. Application of decongestant gels with anti-itch effect
  6. You can use a cortisone cream, although it has a more delayed effect: it takes effect 20-30 minutes after application, that is, when the reaction should already have exceeded its peak.
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