In Ferrara, multidisciplinary prevention of periodontal diseases in children

July 18, 2022

Alliance between dentists, dental hygienists, the Department of Food Hygiene and families to promote oral health in children from 0 to 14 years

The assessment of the risk of developing caries and periodontal disease in patients aged 0-14 years has started at the dental center of Casa della Salute in Ferrara. it involves several actorsincluding dentists and dental hygienists, but also nutritionists, dietitians, parents and relatives, to improve awareness and thus the care of oral hygiene even in children and teenagers who are at risk of developing oral cavities and diseases.

“It is recognized as promotion of oral health is a sociocultural growth factor which must be based on interdisciplinary efforts”, explains prof. Leonardo Trombelli (pictured) director of the Provincial Dentistry Complex Operative Unit.”In Italy, the high incidence of caries pathology in the population of the developing age makes it necessary to define this population at risk of caries: these data suggest the need to activate in a capillary way, already from the first years of life, strategies for the prevention of dental and gum diseases associated with oral biofilm to promote a better level of health with important positive effects on the quality of life of young patients“.

The goal is to implement complementary strategies for the early diagnosis of caries and gum diseasewhich occurs clinically in connection with the first dental visit, involving the figure of the dental hygienist for the collection of all the information that is useful for profiling the child’s individual risk“, Explain the doctors Renata Vecchiatinimedical director, and by e.g Giulia Montemezzo, current dental hygienist at Tandlægecentret. While the small patients will undergo painless tests for plaque recognitionparents and relatives they will be informed about the correct lifestyle and the best oral hygiene and food hygiene strategies at home.

One of the major innovations in the project is risk assessment for periodontal diseaseevaluated by PerioRisk, an algorithm validated internationally and developed by the Research Center for the Study of Periodontal and Peri-implant Diseases of UNIFE, which allows the stratification of the population based on the possibility of development and progression of periodontitis (chronic inflammatory disease that leads to the destruction of the bony support of the tooth and which affects approximately 50% of the Italian population in a moderate-severe form).

From next September, the intervention will also see the contribution of professionals from the Public Health Department of Ferrara Ausl and especially dieticians from the Food Hygiene and Nutrition Service. – predicts Cristina Salettidirector of the Food Hygiene and Nutrition Complex Structure (SCIAN) in Ferrara – to intercept children at greater risk of developing obesity and related diseases, to whom dedicated preventive pathways will be proposed“.

Correct attitudes and behaviors adopted early in childhood, the experts explain, will allow children to make the most appropriate decisions to improve their lifestyle and thus protect their health. Promotion of breastfeeding, healthy lifestyle, an appropriate diet are all important factors in promoting and maintaining good general and oral health.


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