At present we do not yet know whether the side of the Draghi government is a story to be archived or whether we will have to witness another version of it. However, it is possible in any case to try to take stock of what one and a half years of Draghi’s government represented for the school and for the university.
First of all, it is known that Draghi was in fact appointed by the EU as gendarmes for the implementation of the PNRR, and that he played this role with zeal and perseverance. The PNRR prepared by Draghi had its center of political orientation in the desire to increase the presence of private capital in life and in public institutions.
The school does not escape this rule, then, as we have repeatedly analyzedthe chapters of the PNRR on school and education aim to be institutional slavery for the preparation of the workforce as desired by companies. That means flexible, uncritical workers, without many cultural frills in mind, always ready to bow to the needs of employers.
After all, let us not forget that for decades this kind of education has been what “Europe has asked of us” or rather the European Union, which is the great judge of compliance with the almost six hundred parameters imposed on Italy to achieve PNRR loans. .
Also for the university, Draghi has included in PNRR old confindustrial idea of ”business doctorates”, the programs and content of which are determined by companies interested in for such studies for their own productive purposes. In other words, a well-tracked road from which one must not deviate.
Following that path, Draghi found an excellent partner in Minister Patrizio Bianchi, a great advocate for everything in the school that can contribute to education, which is a partner for the company: skills at the expense of knowledge, forced digitization, “societal territorial pacts” (which in the Bianchi encyclopedia means “business”), relaunching the alternation between school and work, up to real forms of apprenticeship.
Finally, there were two crucial points in Bianchi’s career in the ministry: the reform of the recruitment of teachers and the reform of the higher technical institutes, now called ITS Academy (a little English is always necessary).
In fact, the recruitment reform is a much more complex provision, as in addition to the initial recruitment, it also includes the more or less mandatory steps in in-service training that teachers must respect during their careers by following established courses. from Alta Scuola di Formazione, a newly established chariot whose leaders will be paid up to 250,000 euros a year, and which will have INVALSI and INNER as its focal point, institutions that already have at least a dubious past and a very bad reputation in the world of the school.
In practice, a slot machine that will promote courses on topics chosen from above (can we try to guess? Skills, STEM, Digital …), where teachers will have to participate for years in the aerial reflection of a financial incentive that will be for 40% of the students on the basis of the school’s internal assessment committee’s assessment, and which in any case will be of limited context.
The possibility of forfeiture still depends on this reform, as it requires a number of implementing decrees, which may not be approved in time in the event of a definitive government crisis. If so, we will not mind.
As for the reform of the higher technical institutes, the Draghi-Bianchi couple were particularly effective. In fact, the strengthening of this type of institutions is destined to train the workforce A la carte for companies in a specific territory, it was already present as a programmatic point in Draghi’s speech to the chambers.
The transformation of ITS into ITS Academy it was finally approved by Parliament on 12 July without a single vote against. Resources will be allocated to this new tertiary technological education system for new offices and equipment and for the implementation of distance learning for a total of 48,000,000 euros per year. One and a half billion of funds will come from PNRR funds.
Unlike the old ITS, the training offer will be articulated on two levels, two-year and three-year, respectively, in accordance with the European Qualifications Framework. The number of teaching hours to be held by business leaders and managers has been strengthened, which will reach 60% of the total number, while 35% of the total hours will in any case be dedicated to internships and company internships. In short, even from an ideological point of view, training in business culture and subordination according to its wishes.
There are, of course, several conditions for the establishment of an ITS academy, and among them the presence in the territory of one or more companies linked to the use of the technologies it deals with is particularly significant. Practically speaking, a technology is examined if it is necessary for companies in a particular area. A really good paradigm for scientific development, Minister Bianchi!
The ITS academies will be run by foundations that will include representatives of public bodies and private entrepreneurship, and it is not hard to imagine that with the approach I have described, the decision-making power of private companies will be crucial.
Minister Bianchi expressed great satisfaction with the approval of this formative rejection, but equal satisfaction was also expressed by the Minister of Regional Affairs and Autonomies Mariastella Gelmini, formerly at the Ministry of Education in Berlusconi’s governments.
Minister Gelmini certainly sees in the stabilization of the role of the ITS academies an opportunity to build local educational institutions that respond to the principle of differentiated autonomy, which is dear to her. However, the convergence between Bianchi, the PD minister, and Gelmini, a well-known scammer in the past of public schools, shows that the right- and PD-school projects are fundamentally very close.
There are still two issues to report on Patrizio Bianchi’s management of the ministry: the lack of attention to the renewal of the school workers’ contract, which drags on with unacceptable legislative and wage proposals after the usual years of contractual leave and the lack of any indication of how the schools must reopen in September in response to the pandemic.
The pandemic this year did not provide respite even during the summer, but it seems the ministry is not noticing it. In Viale Trastevere, we think of the Summer School Plan, another Bianchi invention whose second edition failed in the bud because of students ‘lack of interest, teachers’ fatigue, and inadequate structures.
In reality, nothing has been done to ensure a safe return home in September, when the schools reopen under the same conditions as in 2019: large classes, dilapidated classrooms, etc. A scandal of inefficiency and cialtroneria.
In recent months, Minister Bianchi has often talked about everything, having been present in the press almost every day for often useless statements, but he has strictly avoided the Covid question, where it is not known what the ministry is doing.
One of the themes is definitely the ventilation of the classrooms to avoid resorting to the windows that opened in January (which, among other things, would burn up a fortune given the announced heating costs). It is known that there are effective ventilation systems today, but the ministry is careful not to equip the schools with them.
The only provision from the ministry seems to be the involvement in the procurement platform online of the public administration of an apparatus of dubious efficiency produced by a well-known household appliance company. In short, the schools that believe in it and can do so if they buy it.
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