Has artificial intelligence surpassed human intelligence?


The words of Blake Lemoine, a Google engineer suspended because of his views, have cast shadows and reopened discussions on the subject of “artificial intelligence and machine autonomy. According to the scholar, one of the BOTs owned by the US company turned out to be “sensitive”therefore able to think autonomously without the need for human help. It is a theme that has always fascinated man as demonstrated by Isaac Asimov, who in 1950 wrote “Io Robot,” a futuristic tale that foresaw our daily lives.

These statements have caused a rift in public opinion between those who, on the one hand, support Blake Lemoine’s vision and those who, on the other hand, believe that his statements are meaningless and without any scientific basis. Within a scenario of this type, it is very difficult for the public to understand which of the two thought camps is right.This is also because there is no scientific evidence that can decree one or the other position as absolutely true.

To deepen the topic, we took advantage of the intervention of some experts at a very recent event, dedicated to the development of artificial intelligence.

Is artificial intelligence sensory? The words of the experts
On the occasion of the LOOP Q Prize Award, an event that rewards talents from European universities that have distinguished themselves in the field of artificial intelligence, some of the most important experts in the field intervened with the aim of creating order and making the subject more understandable even for the less experienced.

For the sake of good order, we would like to point out that the Italian Diego Biagini, from the University of Bologna, won the first prize., who presented the best project, believes the award jury. The speech with great depth was the speech of Patrick Ehlen, Chief AI Advisor for the Loop AI Group and Vice President AI for Uniphore, or one of the world’s leading experts in artificial intelligence.

The most important topic of discussion was the possibility of whether or not to consider the intelligence of machines as independent of humans and therefore sensory. The scholar tried to offer viewers a different perspective, and argued that the question to be asked was not so much whether artificial intelligence was already independent of humans, but rather whether this property could be ruled out a priori with certainty. To convey his message, Ehlen then brought a strange example to the public.

In his work, a scientist can run into two types of errors: to consider an untrue phenomenon as existing, or the exact opposite, therefore not to consider a real phenomenon. This “error” option,
it forces man to reason. It may happen, for example, that a man, in the middle of the jungle, encounters two luminous elements during the night; to make a brief reflection, these two lights may be the reflection of moonlight or the eyes of a lurking tiger. After drawing the first conclusions, man could choose the path of the father, and then leave the site, or rule out the possibility of a tiger presence and approach. In both cases there is a risk of having made the wrong considerations: on the one hand it will be an excessive precaution, on the other hand an underestimation of the risk with the consequent possibility of being torn apart.

A long reflection, expertise, to get the listeners to consider a particular type of approach to uncertainties and replicable in all areas, consisting of three phases: identification of the problem, assessment of the danger and identification of possible solutions.

What is technological “singularity”
The AI ​​theme is closely related to the concept of “Singularity”, it is the ability of machines to function in a completely autonomous way without being dependent on human commands. The doubt that researchers ask themselves is whether the so-called “singularity” has already been reached. Davide Casaleggio, CEO of Casaleggio Associati, a great connoisseur of the AI ​​world, spoke on this topic during the Loop Q Prize Award.

According to Casaleggio, the so-called “Computer Singularity” is already a reality in several areas. An extremely common example is the navigator supported by mobile phones: when you trust its choice without discussing it or questioning it, the car at that moment becomes autonomous as it has decided without any human help.

Can humans and artificial intelligence coexist?
To date, there are no tools that can unambiguously assess the actual capacity of the machines. Despite this, we must not neglect the subject, but it is necessary to keep the level of attention high so as not to be unprepared when a theme for now “the future” becomes the present in all respects. One mistake, however, must be avoided, that is, to treat this delicate subject with prejudiced positions, because the real goal is not to make one of the two forms of thought prevail over the other, but to find a way to make their coexistence functional. as possible. It seems like the most logical solution, perhaps for this reason it will be the least likely.


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