According to the second Censis study on families affiliated with Assindatcolf, 58.5% of them prefer to hire a caregiver to help an elderly relative rather than resort to an RSA (nursing home). In fact, only 41.5% of families consider this last option, and of these, 21.3% will turn to an attached structure, 14.2% to a private, while only 6% to the public.
The reasons are simple: 60% of respondents have the idea that with a person at home, the elderly are better cared for and listened to, and a further 20% believe that separation from their home would have negative effects on the family member to be cared for. to. The question of the costs to be faced, on the other hand, seems to be of much less importance.
During the pandemicthe number of regularly employed domestic workers – mainly female workers – has grown, both in 2020 and 2021. In 2021, domestic help contributing to INPS was 961,358, with an increase compared to 2020 corresponding to + 1.9% (ie 18,273 more employees): half domestic workers and half carers. These last ten years ago were 300,000, while today they are 450,000. On the other hand, domestic help has fallen in the last decade and has gone from 600,000 in 2011 to 500,000 in 2021. In comparison, only tertiary workers and mechanics are numerically more – with 4.1 and 2.3 million people, respectively. Domestic help is more than teachers and transport workers. In particular, employment peaked in March 2020 (during the first closure) and another in October and November (due to the new anti-covid restrictions and the first effects of the legalization of foreign labor). for legalization of domestic help, otherwise unable to continue the activity due to the restrictive measures. The closures due to the pandemic have affected the choices of families, who have preferred to start new employment contracts to be sure of the worker’s presence. In addition, the “amnesty” (included in the “Relaunch” decree 34/2020), which in one year has already produced 125,000 emergencies.
Among the employees, 21%, ie every fifth person, work over 40 hours per week, 12% from 30 to 39 hours, 32.7% from 20-29 hours, 16.6% from 10 to 19 hours per week and only 16% . , every eighth person, less than 9 hours a week.
It tells the 2021 annual report from the Domestic Work Observatory.
However, the dark years of the pandemic produced a collapse in GDP for domestic work, corresponding to the decline in national GDP. In 2020, Italian families spent around 5.8 billion on ordinary domestic help, to which must be added contributions (1 billion) and severance pay (0.4 billion), for a total of 7.2 billion for the single ordinary component. Considering also the cost of the irregular component (hence only their salary), we obtain a total volume of 14.9 billion spent by families for the administration of domestic help.
However, we can not conclude that it has at all managed the housekeeper and caregivers: it is estimated that the 920,000 workers registered with the INPS represent less than half the total number, which would therefore exceed 2.1 million people. In fact, we can hardly think that 450,000 carers will be able to meet the needs of an increasingly nurturing elderly population. The ISTAT data for 2019 had in fact highlighted an irregularity of 57% for domestic work, well above the average for all sectors, which was 12.6%. Employers are even more than workers: 108 for every 100 workers, but it is believed that there are at least twice as many who employ illegal workers. Over a third of families pay the employee in a “variable” way, 36.6% in cash only 23.9% by bank transfer and 2.7% in checks.
The fact that regularisations have grown is in any case a positive factor for the country system, as home helpers, carers and permanent babysitters represent 1.1% of GDP by 2020.. The fact that families pay for the welfare of the elderly means savings for the state estimated at 11.6 billion euros (0.7% of GDP), which the state would have to spend if the elderly cared for at home were admitted to the facility .
One of the knots that still needs to be resolved is the issue of rights, such as illness in home helpers, carers and babysitters, which are still borne by families. An interesting fact is that out of 750,000 domestic workers, only 6,000 are on maternity leave, ie 0.8%, against an average of almost 4% for the other sectors. Equating the disease with other sectors would cost the state 33.5 million euros. It is estimated that by 2020, families will have spent $ 72 million on their employees ’illness.
“We await the forthcoming presentation of the Empowerment Act on non-self-sufficiency, convinced that the government will implement the proposals in the” Pact for a new welfare “, declared Andrehttps: //www.infodata.ilsole24ore.com/wp-login.php? Redirect_to = http% 3A% 2F% 2Fwww.infodata.ilsole24ore.com% 2Fwp-admin% 2F & reauth = 1a Zini, President of Assindatcolf Financial incentives are needed for regular and stable work in the industry in the form of tax deductions or tax deductions; of employees supported and recognized, also by collective agreements and the introduction of a universal self-sufficiency benefit that eliminates the current small and useless subsidies, with an increase if applied in a transparent manner.
PNRR, with its investments in home care for non-self-sufficient seniors and others, could be a good opportunity to recalibrate this fundamental aspect of welfare.
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