After overcoming the pathologies that characterize the school year, typical of the close contact that can occur in a classroom, the most beautiful time of the year for children begins, the summer. But even vacations by the sea or in the mountains can reserve some risks for the health of the little ones. First exposure to the sun. Kids love being on the beach, but one has to be very mindful of the times. Especially in the 0-3 year interval, it is advisable to go to the beach early in the morning, entertain yourself no later than 11 and then return in the late afternoon, from after noon. 17.
In fact, exposure to sunlight during these hours does not cause skin problems. Let’s find out what other potential dangers there are for children.
The skin is one of the biggest problems during the summer. Impetigo is one of the most common diseases: it can be caused by eczema and mycosis or even by an insect bite. It is a bacterial skin infection that is very common under ten years of age. The lesions can affect the whole body, but generally affect the most exposed areas: face, neck, hands, arms and legs. It manifests itself in the form of vesicular elements that contain serum. These bubbles break very easily, which eliminates a transparent or yellowish liquid, and which leads to the formation of a crust. Symptoms such as fever or malaise rarely occur. According to the appearance of the lesion, however, there are two types: the bullous form and the crustal form. Impetigo is highly contagious and spreads through contact or just regular use of a towel. Complications are only expected if adequate treatment is not performed.
Another very common skin disease is sudamine, an irritation that occurs during hot periods. Also known as miliaria, it is an inflammation caused by obstruction of the sweat glands and mainly affects newborns and infants. Based on the level of obstruction, it is classified into crystalline, rubra and deep. The pustular miliaria is very rare. The crystalline shows the presence of numerous vesicles of 1-2 millimeters in diameter on non-red skin; rubra consists of an inflammatory rash with itchy pointed vesicles on red, rough skin; the deep is the most severe form and has red papules sometimes overcome by blisters which often cause burning and pain. In general, sudamine is present on the body’s body.
From May to September, there is also the greatest prevalence of the so-called “mouth-hands-feet”, a disease that causes red spots or pustules near the lips, on the feet and hands, but also inside the mouth. Due to the painful contact with food, this disease ends up causing loss of appetite in children who prefer not to eat in order not to feel the pain. Very often in children under the age of five, it is caused by “enterovirus”, and in particular Coxsackie A16 and Eneterovirus 71. Incubation lasts from three to seven days, and infection occurs by direct contact with liquid bodies or with contaminated surfaces. It generally contracts only once in a lifetime and is accompanied in severe cases by fever peaks that can even exceed 39 degrees.
In the hot months, infectious conjunctivitis, which affects the membrane between the eyelid and the eyeball, is also of great concern. The origin may be bacterial or allergic. This is not an infection with a serious course, but it can be very annoying for children: it is better to act from the first symptoms by asking your GP, pediatrician or your ophthalmologist for a consultation. Heat is one of the possible triggers: it determines the evaporation of the tear film, which defends the eye and cleanses the cornea, causing friction in the movement of the eyelids and making the eye more sensitive than normal.
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