“We too are in favor of abolishing levels, but we are asking for a comprehensive reform of the middle school. Because the levels – says deputy for MPS Angelica Lepori to the ‘Region’ – they are only one aspect of the problem. In fact, there are other factors that today in middle schools highlight, rather than eliminate, the social differences between students. If these factors are not taken into account, if we do not move with an overall vision, deleting the levels will be of little or no use. “And that is why the Movement for Socialism has just drawn up a” first “package of parliamentary acts : Four initiatives, three of which have been elaborated, and one proposal. “A number of proposals – notes the party – which on the one hand intervene against the school and the pedagogical organization: the proposals for the abolition of levels, those relating to pedagogical support, dropped in the number of students per. class, decreased by the teaching burden in lesson hours for teachers. And on the other hand, they act on social differences through tools that the school itself implements: for example, the proposals regarding continuing schools, scholastic and academic, for access to continuing schools. MPS is in no doubt: School performance “is largely linked to students’ social, economic and cultural conditions”.
The movement’s three major advisers (Lepori, Simona Arigoni And Matteo Pronzini) then hopes for a “strong” strengthening of the after-schools. They therefore propose to anchor some points in the relevant article of the law on middle school. That is to say: in the after-school area “school activities are arranged (recovery, assisted study, etc.) or recreational (artistic, sports, etc.)”; the after-school service “is arranged at all middle school places, it covers the time between the end of the teaching and 7 pm, other times can be scheduled”; school management in collaboration with classroom teachers and pedagogical tutors “inform families in detail about the possibility of using this service”; at “each” middle school place “at least two work units are allocated to the after-school activity”; The expenses “are complete” borne by the canton. MPS also calls for an improvement in “scholastic and professional guidance”. Specifically, it is proposed that a “school and professional transition group (composed of director / trice, professional advisers and teachers) be set up at each middle school location with the aim of planning and implementing a set of pedagogical and experiential activities, starting from the second grade. , which aims to gradually promote the development of an appropriate, thoughtful and appropriate school or profession choice for the pupil “. The working group “will actively seek the cooperation between parents, after – school centers, employers’ associations and trade unions”. To ensure “treatment that is as individualized as possible, continuous and in-depth”, each middle school location will “have at least one full-time counselor for every 150 students or a fraction of it”. Incidentally, what do we do with the Morisoli decree limiting cantonal expenditure? “School is an investment, not an expense,” Lepori interrupts.
Among the questions that MPS emphasizes is also the number of students per class, which it asks to further reduce, and teachers’ “workload”. A workload, he says, “for a long time unsustainable”, not only for “the increase in teaching hours (increased by one hour per week in the early 2000s)”, but also for “a number of additional tasks of bl. .a. didactic and administrative “. On the other hand, the Movement adds, the increase “in stress and cases of burnout among teachers is nothing but worrying sign of this situation”. «To take advantage of a reduction in the number of students per. class and in the number of lesson hours is the teaching, its quality – highlights again Lepori -. We believe that without an improvement in teachers’ working conditions, it will be impossible to implement adequate reforms of the middle school and the middle and high school sector. To put their wishes into practice, Lepori, Pronzini and Arigoni request that a middle school district have a “maximum” (the current law speaks of a “minimum”) of 400 pupils and that the sections of the middle school have no more than “18 pupils”. “(now 22). They also propose to amend the Lord, the law on the organization of government employees and teachers, so that “in middle and post-secondary schools, the weekly full-time curriculum for each category of teachers” is “20 lesson hours”.
‘A certificate of acquittal’
Like other political forces, the MPS also calls for the abolition of levels. “The current organization at levels – he writes – is not only a source of discrimination (essentially stemming from the social order), but also proves to be ineffective based on the goals it presupposes. We believe, for example, that absolute inability to act from ‘filter’ for a successful transition to high school. The error rate (between 40 and 50% in the first two years of high school) testifies that the requirements for teaching at levels are in no way a guarantee of a successful continuation of the studies “. There is more. The movement proposes that the student at the end of middle school “only receives a certificate of acquittal, which gives the right to access any subsequent course of study”. For MPS, it is “necessary to leave the greatest freedom to students and families to choose the next educational path, by abolishing admission conditions that inevitably tend to discriminate (as if there were ‘Series A’ certificates and ‘Series B’ ) among the licenses issued at the end of middle school “.