from FRANCESCO RAO – The school is one of the most important issues at the moment, not only for Calabria, but for the whole of Italy. The theme is broad, and here I will address a small part of it, make some suggestions and refer further reflective ideas to future interventions. Truth be told, given the results provided annually by the OECD and INVALSI, Parliament could, having deducted their respective policy statements, have assessed this issue by interpreting the signals dictated by the production segments most exposed to scarcity of human resources and at the same time called to meet the growing needs of an increasingly complex society that is expected to have a lifestyle that will impact the next 50 years.
As for our Calabria, the INVALSI data also marks another alarm signal this year. With a pinch of positivity in relation to the past, given the times, I would like to hope for the beginning of a discontinuity, where on the one hand there can be the beginning of growth and on the other hand refer the cultural void to just a historical memory destined for to be another reason to do better without wasting time.
Our region, our young people, their families and the whole world of education and training will in the coming years be called upon to take on an unprecedented challenge in order to regain in a short time the significant percentage of the cultural divide that has always existed. divided the Nordic countries. from the south, which effectively prevents greater employment opportunities, an increase in GDP and limits migration phenomena, especially for our young people.
That said, it is definitely not my intention to fail our school system. However, a significant review of skills is required to be practiced through training and continuous updating. This statement places great trust in a strategic sector for the nation and populated by people who are often unmotivated, forced by a lack of means and tools to resort to improvisation, and lays down ministerial planning and the exercise of the part of autonomy that is useful to establish collaboration and participation with stakeholders outside the school, but an integral part of the educational community.
In addition, the effects of the various expenditure reviews, practiced over time in the school sector, without at least imagining what the future effects could be. And then it was a solution to resort to the amalgamation of schools even 50 kilometers away from each other with the intention of limiting the number of school leaders and letting dozens of teachers under a guide practice halfway or with limited attendance. ? What cultural benefits has it provided? To me, that example is dictated by art. 5 of the Constitution, as is the case for the Carabinieri stations found in all the municipalities of Italy, should apply to all schools, that is to say, one school head for each school in the area. While some may say that we cannot afford these costs, I would like to emphasize that culture is not a cost but a national investment. Meanwhile, for Calabrian students, children of a minor god, all indicators relating to public and private evaluation systems cross their respective analyzes in a common conclusion: With an implicit school dropout rate of 18%, the future looks bleak.
Our weak point, as repeatedly pointed out by the Agnelli Foundation, remains primary school, and the effects of this cause will then be fully transferred to the next school segment. There will have been time and way to find all sorts of critical questions, also given the prevalence of the youth development phase. In the light of the latest data, it is legitimate to ask what corrections have been made to the system and what improvements have been registered? The approach to the study of mathematics, geometry, science, foreign languages, even though it started from primary school, is practiced in the three years of what for us, born in the last century, was middle school. Have the difficulties of the teaching staff employed in this specific sector been taken into account? Have any methodological proposals ever been evaluated, aimed at building common education pacts, in which families can be more involved, also with the intention of strengthening and detonating the office that nurtures more and more appeals and complaints due to not very high assessments, reminders and / or disciplinary action?
Also for this phase, due to the growing educational poverty and the tendency to drop out of school, phenomena are more evident in the internal areas, resorting to non-permanent teachers, because afternoon returns are not activated to allow all students to close 18.00 school day by getting them to perform other activities in addition to homework such as sports, music, drawing, theater, etc. etc.?
I may seem like a visionary, but my beliefs continue to see school as the beating heart of any society, big or small. And in this sense, schools should not only remain open from 7am to 2pm, but should be open until 10pm, imagining the post-curricular phase as a self-management phase where non-permanent teachers, volunteers, entertainers and those willing to respond to the call of the Ministry of Education or the Ministry of Education, may become involved in, after signing a contract and recognition of appropriate attendance badges, raising the cultural level exponentially for our youth. In such places I would also see a greater involvement of the associations. I would like barter, which consists of painting walls, decorating doors and windows or flooring of the respective classrooms, used as a reward for the annual usability of premises and services made available to the various associations, also made in the condition of stimulating territorial cultural growth. Teachers need to be supported. They do an impeccable job every day, but it is necessary to bind our children to study, which limits them to an amount of afternoon freedom, which in the medium and long term will eventually feed that percentage of early school leaving destined to affect the country’s cultural level, in welfare policies, in the phenomena of micro- and macro-crime and in the abandonment of all local identities, potential sources of resources that are left to give up due to lack of “brains” capable of revive local history making it is a future resource. (between)
(Francesco Rao, Journalist and President of the Calabria Department ANS Sociologists)