Compared to 2021, the “photograph” of the Italian school system is better, but problems arise that will not end with the pandemic
As every year, on July 6, the Ministry of Education published the results of INVALSI tests 2021/2022tests administered to students from primary and secondary schools in first and second grade monitor the situation of the school system Italian. If last year’s report showed serious shortcomings in knowledge and skills – probably due to DAD – it seems that the situation has improvedalthough pre-pandemic levels are still far away.
Half a victory
The alarming decline in students’ skills has therefore stopped. For Minister Bianchi, it is a sign of how “the school has held up” to the challenges posed by the pandemic. Looking at a more general plan, the situation is in fact still somewhat problematic. One out of two students comes at the end of high school without being able to fully understand a text in Italian and without knowing how to perform properly mathematical calculations. In 2019, before the pandemic, the percentage of students who were able to do so was 64% and 61%, respectively. Shortly said, the decline continues. Test data for English: that 52% of high school students reach up level B2a decrease of only three points compared to 2019.
Negative results: South and unfavorable connections
There are three main issues highlighted by this year’s INVALSI report. First of all, despite 66% of high school students has been shown to own one sufficient level of Italianthe percentage falls below below 60% in some regions of South. Same problem in middle school, where Southern students show more difficulty in Italian, mathematics and English than their peers from the Center and the Nordic countries. Another important wake-up call concerns the guys from disadvantaged family and socio-cultural contextsas they see get worse their own results, even when it comes to good students. Finally, the test results show important inequalities even within same school or even of the same class. This also happens above all in the Southwhere the institutes show fragility in leveling out the differences socio-economic-cultural among students.
The primary makes resistance
If the results of the upper secondary and middle schools have raised important questions and made it clear that there is still a long way to go before restoring pre-pandemic levels, the situation is calmer on the front of the primary schools. That 75% about 2nd grade students have adequate levels in Italian and mathematics, and even the skills of those from unfavorable backgrounds have fallen by 5% in the first place, they are increased by 6% in arithmetic.
Implicit proliferation: a small step forward
The figure regarding the implicit spread, corresponding to the students completing the study cycle, is improving, but very little, but without having reached the goals minimum disposed. In 2021, it was 9.8%, while this year it will fall 9.7%. However, a number however, still too high compared to 2019, when we talked about 7.5% of the candidates.
Minister of Education Patrizio white it proves optimistic and proud how the Italian school reacted to the Covid emergency: “FATHER is not the devil: with great sacrifices, students, families and teachers have used all tools to keep in touch with the school, in other countries it was not so. “And to those who accuse his dikasteri of do not use the funds properly to curb problem of dropping out of school responds: “The PNRR allows us to solve some problems, not to solve them all: we are not able to carry out interventions for all 44 thousand school buildings, but we have started to set up efforts “, stating that”the first trance referred to pedagogical fragility and we have intervened to equip our schools in the area with the resources to solve this problem. ” asked schools and their students.