every three days collapsed by a ceiling «Old and non-standard buildings» – Corriere.it

from Giovanna Maria Fagnani

The emergency in the reports of Openpolis, Legambiente and Cittadinanzattiva. We need “urgent maintenance”. Funds from NRP: “A unique opportunity, but only if used well”

May 6, 2022: three students of one Technical Institute of Latina they sit at desks and listen to the lesson when they the table top collapseshurt them a little. Ten days later, in Trieste, the ceiling of a primary school collapses: fortunately the children were in the garden. On May 17, the students became a class in it Rodari di Caivano they go for breakfast in the canteen. On the way back, notebooks and folders are covered in plasterboard: the ceiling collapsed, fixed only half a year ago. A list that could go on and on. And we stopped in May. To say the extent of the phenomenon is Andrea Giannelli, the president of the NPC, The National Association of School Leaders: «According to a study by Active citizenshipin Italian schools we have on average one collapse event every 3-4. day: it ranges from small detachments of plaster to the fall of the ceilings ».

Urgent

A large part of the school building heritage in our country is old and unsustainable. According to the 2021 edition of the Legambiente “School Ecosystem” report, which takes stock of the health status of 7,037 school buildings in 98 provincial capitals, 41 percent of these institutions are in need of urgent maintenance (they were 29.2 in 2019). In addition, one in two buildings still does not have the certificate for static testing (46.8%), ease of use (49.9%), fire prevention (43.9%). Very few new buildings built with green building criteria are 0.9 percent. Only 387 those classified in energy class A.

An in-depth study of Openpolis and social enterprise with children on Miur data analyzes the situation of over 40 thousand school buildings throughout Italy. According to data for 2018 (most recently available), almost 18 percent of these properties – or 7,161 buildings – were classified as old (i.e., they were built more than 50 years ago). Alone 13 percent is sufficient to the anti-Semitic legislation. Even in the most vulnerable areas, only one in 4 schools is normal. Piedmont and Liguria are the regions with the oldest school buildings.

Rejuvenating this legacy is also an opportunity for a renewal of teaching: “School structures generally suffer from poor maintenance. It would be necessary to have some sort of constantly updated database – Spinelli specifies – that is there tell you if and when schools has been seen by local authorities. Furthermore, there is no doubt that it is necessary to intervene in existing spaces by modifying them and making them suitable for different learning times and methods. Many, too many buildings are calibrated on outdated teaching, unable to fully stimulate and involve students. Remember to even through one “Learning environment”, it is possible to create an inclusive and innovative school that is able to contrast the serious phenomena with school dropouts and educational poverty ». An important opportunity comes from funds of Pnrr.

One was originally planned allocation of 800 million euros. Now, Openpolis explains, the figure has risen to 1.19 billion. This will allow the construction of 216 schools compared to the 195 originally planned. The requests received were 543, mainly from the local authorities of Campania (95), Lombardy (61), Veneto, Emilia-Romagna and Tuscany. «Means that will allow create groundbreaking educational environments, in terms of building quality, respect for the environment, the presence of green areas and connectivity, ”reads the Openpolis report. But this will not be the only intervention that the NRP envisages in relation to school buildings: the largest is actually represented by the 3.9 billion earmarked for the school security plan. And gods Old buildings What will happen? In 85 percent of the cases, they will be demolished and rebuilt on site, in 15 percent elsewhere.

Where should the funds go? Campania – especially the provinces Caserta and Naples with 213 million euros in funding and 35 new institutions, it is the first region for amount financed by the measure. Emilia Romagna follows suit, with 146 million euros funded for 23 new schools. Looking at the provinces, Casertano and Salerno are at the forefront, with 14.1 percent of the population aged between 6 and 18 against a national average of around 12 percent. After the Milanese and the metropolitan area of ​​Rome and Bari.

Generations

Claudia Cappelletti, head of the Legambiente school, warns: “Pnrr represents a unique opportunity. However, there can be no real ecological transformation of the school if the resources are not primarily used for to rebalance the existing gaps: it is necessary to inaugurate a generation of sustainable and innovative schools in the social periphery of the country, characterized by educational poverty and a high rate of school dropout, and to implement participatory energy rehabilitation processes of school buildings where the school community becomes a renewable energy community and supportive “.

7 July 2022 (change 8 July 2022 | 07:24)

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