After the long months of restrictions that have forced everyone – young and old – into closed spaces, summer, perhaps even more than other years, becomes the expected moment when one can rediscover the joy of spending long hours outdoors. In the green of a park, on the beach, in the countryside, in the mountains, but also on the terrace of the house, summer is synonymous with the sun, which on the one hand has an extraordinary positive effect on the body, on the other hand it can hide pitfalls if the skin does not get the necessary protection. This is how mothers and babies can be safe in the sun.
Why is the sun good for health?
Like water, the sun is synonymous with life, energy and joy. It instills a good mood at all ages by stimulating the production of endorphins and serotonin, hormones responsible for well-being. It strengthens the immune system, treats some skin diseases such as psoriasis, but above all it stimulates the development of bones from birth. In fact, the sun’s rays trigger a series of biochemical reactions, the most important of which concerns the metabolism of calcium and the fixation of vitamin D, which is essential for giving strength to the bones. It is no coincidence that vitamin D is known as the “solvitamin” because it is thanks to the radiation that passes through the skin that the body is able to synthesize it. However, this does not exclude that in order to be in the sun with calm, you need the dissemination of a solar cell, always and even more for children and expectant mothers.
How do you care for your skin when you are pregnant?
When you are expecting a baby, your skin is more sensitive to the sun, and this – as well as exposing you to a greater risk of redness, redness and burns – favors the onset of problems such as telangiectasias, ie. small dilated vessels and dark spots.
The role of hormones
Pregnancy hormones, especially estrogens, which are present in high concentrations during the waiting period, stimulate the production of melananin, which tends to accumulate in the most exposed points such as face and décolleté, causing the typical staining.
In order not to run risks and prevent skin problems, it is important during pregnancy to use a sunscreen with very high protection on the exposed areas – face, hands and décolleté – always and not only when you are at sea or in the mountains, but also in the city , in the park or just walking on sunny streets.
What happens to the skin in the sun?
After the birth of the baby, however, the protective index can be calibrated on the skin type and on the exposure conditions. The very high protections are necessary for lighter skin that burns easily, in the first days of the holiday and when the sun is very strong. In any case, the high protections provide maximum protection against the risk of wrinkles and blemishes and cause you to tan gradually, evenly and permanently over time. As the skin gets darker, the protective factor can be reduced: it is still a good rule to always use a sunscreen with an index of not less than 20 when exposing yourself to avoid an overdose of rays that, although they do not burns, cause you to age your skin prematurely.
What to do to protect the skin in the sun?
The sunscreens protect not only against UVA and UVB rays, but also against infrared rays that reach the deep dermis, and trigger the production of free radicals: it is precisely the combination of these three types of radiation that evokes the deep biological injuries that are often visible years later. … In terms of novelty, keep in mind that some of the latest generation of sunscreens also filter out blue light (that from electronic devices), a high-energy radiation capable of damaging cellular constituents using oxidative mechanisms that favors the formation of dark spots, accelerates aging and exposes you to a greater risk of skin cancer.
In addition to protecting, sunscreen products contain active ingredients that “pamper” the epidermis during exposure, moisturize and nourish it to avoid dryness and cracking, regenerate it and strengthen its defenses with vitamins and antioxidants, soothing it with soothing plant extracts and thermal water. All with light and fresh textures that spread easily and leave no traces, neither white nor greasy.
What should you do when you feel too hot during pregnancy?
Although it is protected from the sun, there is another good reason to not stay in the sun for long during pregnancy. The heat can actually cause a drop in blood pressure, especially in women who already tend to feel low, which increases the risk of fainting when the heat becomes oppressive. Therefore, it is better to enjoy the sun in a cool place, preferring dry and ventilated heat to humid heat to avoid the body that has to dissipate the heat lowering the pressure further. Other valid precautions are:
- Always wear a hat,
- often evaporates the body with a cold water spray,
- take frequent steps by the sea or in the bath to moisten the forehead, temples, neck, arms and feet.
For this reason, the early morning hours are best for sun exposure when the intensity of the rays is minimal, the air is fresher and the body rested. However, this does not mean that sunscreen can be avoided: Although the risk of sunburn is minimal, the problem of wrinkles and impurities still persists. Red light, however, from 12 to 15: in the central hours of the day, the power of the rays is maximum and the risks are maximum.
How to protect children from the sun?
Up to 6 months
Up to six months of age, direct exposure to rays should be avoided at all times, as infants have not yet developed the natural mechanisms for protection from sun damage. They have thin, fragile and defenseless skin: melanocytes, the cells that produce melanin, are immature and unable to develop the tan color, which is the natural shield against the sun. Also pay attention to sunshine, both by the sea and in the mountains: It is not a good idea to walk on the water’s edge with baby in your arms when it is sunshine. Not even the wheelchair umbrella protects properly: it is better to stay in the shade and take the little one for a walk in the cooler hours.
After 6 months
From this age it is possible to gradually expose the child directly, but only early in the morning or in the evening and always with the protection of a specific sunscreen for the little ones. In addition to being irritating, rashes and burns represent a damage that the skin retains for many years to come: In fact, it has been established that burns in childhood expose you to a greater risk of skin cancer in adulthood.
When to apply sunscreen?
The particularly delicate and fragile skin of the little ones requires protective formulas designed especially for those with high filtration systems (Spf 50) made with physical filters, consisting of tiny mineral particles that reflect the sun’s rays and prevent them from reaching the epidermis. Sunscreens for the little ones must also be resistant to water and sweat, given their liveliness, easy to apply, non-sticky, formulated without potentially allergenic substances and enriched with emollient and soothing active ingredients such as aloe, vitamin B5, thermal water, bisabolol.
Use them correctly
To provide the proper protection, sunscreens should be applied all over the body, no points excluded, including ears, rubbish and the part just below the costume that is likely to burn if the fabric moves, and the back of the legs.
They should be used in a generous dose and always put back after a few hours, a rule that applies to everyone and especially children who play, roll in the sand, get in and out of the water. The protection should also be used when the skin begins to discolor to avoid an overdose of rays, which quickly “burns” the skin’s natural protective capital and causes damage over time.
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The information on this site is not intended for and should in no way replace the direct relationship between healthcare professionals and the user. It is therefore advisable to always consult your doctor and / or specialists.