Electric car charging: who are the operators in Italy and who uses interoperability

The sale of electric and hybrid cars rising at a dizzying pace: in 2021, the increase was + 528% for electric and + 1,102% for plug-in hybrids, pushing the fleet into circulation to over 130 thousand units. This enthusiasm on the part of Italian motorists towards rechargeable cars is causing operators to accelerate by expanding the range of charging stations in the area, while reviewing tariffs and exploring simpler forms of payment. Although it must be taken into account that many owners of electric or plug-in hybrid cars choose the way to charge the home; that does not mean they can also get into the situation of having to recharge their car batteries when they are away from home.

In terms of ratesin addition to the price per. kWh there are subscription forms (also in rechargeable condition) and fixed tariffs, the most popular among motorists.

A role of fundamental importance is playedinteroperabilitywith the power to increase the actual availability of recharging points, simplify payment and allow easy comparison between costs and services provided, such as location, booking and travel planning.

Charging electric cars: the situation in Italy and in Europe

In our country there is currently a little more than 26,000 charging points for electric cars, spread over 13,233 pillars and spread over 10,503 places accessible to the public (Source Motus-E).

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The Italian city with the most charging stations is Rome with 1,673, followed by Milan with 717. The region where the largest number is concentrated is Lombardy (17%).

Despite the rising trend (by the end of 2020 there were around 20 thousand charging points), there are still very few electric poles on the highway. According to data provided by Enel X, only 11 service areas has fast charging points available for electric cars (except Teslas). Also in terms of the whole network, Italy is last among the major European countries: in Germany there are 44,464 columns, 45,246 in France, 32,396 in Great Britain.

A turning point could come from the PNRR (National Recovery and Resilience Plan). In fact, 21,255 new fast charging points are planned, including 7,500 on the motorway, for an expected investment of 741 million euros, to be used by the end of 2025. The electrification of transport is a priority for Europe: in 2035 new fuel cars will no longer be sold, and the “Fit for 55” plan will provide 3 million columns across the old continent in 10 years (today there are only 250 thousand).

How to find charging stations for the car

As we have already mentioned, the prevalence of public charging points in Italy is still scarce, and therefore a need arises for electric car owners to identify them. For this purpose, there are apps and websites that offer interactive maps. One of these is e-Station, one of the first companies in Italy to develop solutions for the electric mobility sector.

A very complete mapping service for charging points is NextCharge, also available as an app.

Car charging operators

Some operators offer charging service with interoperability, effectively increasing the number of their stations (in practice, those who recharge the column use operator X but pay the energy to operator Y, with whom they may have a subscription); it is necessary to specify that the electrical recharging always takes place by means of an RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification) chip card, supplied by the operator, therefore excl. cash. Here the main electric charging operators are present in the national territory and their offerings.

Enel X

It is the largest Italian operator with over 13,000 charging points. The energy provided by Enel X comes 100% from renewable sources.

The price system is structured as follows:

  • 0.40 € pr. kWh for columns up to 22 kW power;
  • € 0.50 for those up to 50 kW
  • 0.79 euros for ultra-fast stations up to 350 kW.

Subscriptions are also available:

  • Flat Small (25 euros per month for 70 kWh or 0.36 euros / kWh)
  • Flat Large (45 euros per month for 145 kWh or 0.31 euros / kWh)

Then there is OpenCharge, which integrates (unlimited) domestic fixed prices with public columns based on 3 tax levels:

  • up to 30 kWh / month for OpenCharge20 (20 euros)
  • 80 kWh / month for OpenCharge50 (50 euros)
  • 150 kWh / month for OpenCharge80 (80 euros).

BeCharge

BeCharge can count on 5,752 charging points, rising to 17,262 thanks to interoperability. The rates according to consumption are 0.45 euro / kWh for alternating current columns and 0.50 euro / kWh for direct current columns.

There are four fixed rates, monthly:

  • Be electric for 500 kWh per month (equivalent to 0.35 euros / kWh) for 175 euros
  • Be big 250 for 250 kWh (0.36 euros / kWh) for 90 euros
  • Be ordinary 100 for 100 kWh (0.38 kWh / 100 km) for 38 euros
  • Be Light 50 for 50 kWh (0.40 euro / kWh) for 20 euros.

The unused kWh is not cumulative, and the excess is invoiced according to consumption. BeCharge and Enel X have signed an agreement with Telepass on the location of the charging point and payment of energy.

A2A

Widespread operator in Lombardy with over 1,000 own charging points up to 50 kW. With the E-Moving logo, it offers both the pay-per-use rate and the fixed rate. With a partnership agreement signed on 17 January 2022 with Enel X, the A2A network has been extended to the entire national territory with more than 14 thousand new charging points. A new type of Ultra Fast column, with a power of up to 350 kW, makes it possible to perform faster recharges.

Consumption rate:

  • 0.37 euro / kWh for the 22 kW columns;
  • 0.47 euros / kWh for those with 50 kW direct current.

Within the territory of the municipality of Milan, where it plays an important role as a utility company and in the management of security, A2A has areas where you pay on time: at. Digital islands recharging is free for up to 3 hours and costs 0.166 euros / min from the fourth hour onwards, while the price in the other areas is 0.033 euros / min (0.050 euros / min from the third hour) for fast columns and for fast. is paying 0.166 euros / min (0.250 euros / min from the third hour).

The fixed rate costs instead 30 euros for unlimited top-ups. All E-Moving solutions allow for up to 4 utilities for a vehicle with 2 reservations per. day.

For companiesA2A offers 3 specific “fixed” prices (costs are monthly):

  • E-Moving Flat X2 for 2 vehicles and 4 utilities for 60 euros
  • E-Moving Flat X3 for 3 vehicles and 4 utilities for 90 euros
  • E-Moving Flat X4 for 4 vehicles and as many utilities for 120 euros.

Information regarding the location of the charging stations, the type of infrastructure and the conditions of availability can be consulted through the A2A E-moving app or through the e-moving.it website.

Tesla

Tesla’s charging network is dedicated only to its own vehicles. As a “closed system”, it can recognize vehicles and users and therefore offer the highest level of service: vehicle recognition takes place without the need for a map or app. The costs are affordable: 0.37 euros / kWh at the more than 300 Supercharger stations in Italy (2,500 throughout Europe), equipped with 10 charging points each with an output of 250 kW. In addition, over 500 destination chargeri.e. charging points installed in commercial and residential facilities.

EV way

EV Way is a circuit that includes over 200,000 charging points. Prices vary from operator to operator: for the AC columns, the price is 0.40 € / kWh, to which must be added 4 € per hour after the first 4 hours from 8 to 23:59 and a commission of 1 euro; therefore refueling is more convenient at night.

For high-power columns, the price is 0.45 euros / kWh (to which must be added 10 euros per hour, even at night). Access to the column is via an app or a key chip equipped with an Rfid chip; Refueling can be paid immediately, at the end of the month or even in advance. For payment, you can use any credit card or alternative payment system, such as Satispay, Paypal, Androidpay and Applepay.

Among the networks covered by EV Way are Ionity, a consortium of some car manufacturers (Audi, BMW, Ford, Hyundai, Mercedes, Porsche and Volkswagen) and other players in the energy sector (including Enel X and Eni), which form a network of 400 ultra-fast charging stations throughout Europe.

EV Way offers two types of annual subscription to the Ionity network:

  • Easy Travel for 69 euros per. year for a price starting from 0.59 euros / kWh (worth 28 kWh per month and up)
  • Super Save as for 199 euros per year allows you to refuel from 0.39 euros / kWh (already to a value of 38 kWh per month).

Hera Public Top-up

The Hera Group was founded in 2002 as a merger of municipal companies; with a multi-business approach, it manages the delivery of energy and environmental services. The Hera Recharging Network is compatible with Enel X pillars and stands out by offering fast and quick recharging for the same price.

Flat offer

Monthly fee 20 euros / month (50 kWh / month included)

Consumption € 0.40 / kWh

Offer on consumption

Monthly fee 2 euros / month

Consumption: € 0.40 / kWh

Acea Energia e-mobility

The service makes it possible to recharge the electric vehicle at over 10,000 authorized car charging points using the Acea e-mobility app or the Acea e-mobility card connected to the app; in both cases assistance is available 24/24 hours and 7/7 days. The booking service is free for customers who register on the app. The payment methods are: credit / debit cards in the Visa and Mastercard circuits; prepaid cards; Apple Pay (only for cards associated with the Visa and Mastercard circuits).

There are two tariffs, based on the type of fast or fast column. The price for the individual recharge is calculated on the basis of the collected kWh (the charges are only available in the app). It is noted that in the case of parking in addition to the 60-minute deadline after the charging has ceased, additional costs will be charged for occupying the space.

E-GAP

E-GAP is the first urban, mobile and on-demand fast charging service in Europe. Through the smartphone app of the same name, E-GAP allows you to receive a “fast charge” top-up at home and perform using a zero-emission e-van. Active in Milan, Rome, Bologna and from March 2022 in Turin, it will soon be available in many other Italian and European cities. E-GAP was founded by the current Chairman of the Board and major shareholder Eugenio de Blasio, one of the pioneers in the green economy sector, former CEO and CEO of Groups listed on Nasdaq; by Global CEO Daniele Camponeschi, CIO of Financial Groups; by Global CFO Alessandro Di Michele, CFO of International Financial Groups. The company is managed by CEO Luca Fontanelli. In April 2022, E-GAP announced the start of a partnership with Eataly to promote the diffusion of sustainable mobility. The agreement provides, among other things, the delivery of an E-GAP voucher worth 20 euros to Eataly customers who request it, and also the delivery of an Eataly shopping set to customers who request the top-up service.

(Article updated on 12/04/2022)

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