From 2035, Europe only wants to sell new electric vehicles: what until now has been a project, an idea, in a few hours it can become an absolute realityGiven that the European Parliament has been convened to vote between 7 and 8 June 2022. An absolute political choice, which, however, lays a solid foundation for environmental protection in the EU, and is an interesting solution to health and energy dependence.
It is not us who say it, but the various reports produced by Europe and by a new study carried out by ANSA in collaboration with the agencies AFP (France), DPA (Germany), Agerpres (Romania), ANP (Netherlands) and TT ( Sweden)) for the European Data News Hub (EDNH). According to the data collected, vote for the package Fits 55 to reduce current greenhouse gas emissions it is very important and to understand it it is necessary to mention a few key figures.
Electric cars to improve our health
Although the problem of pollution in our cities does not only come from cars, they do have one in any case, devastating impact on the health of European citizens and Italians in particular. Our country is actually the black jersey for premature death of nitrogen dioxidealso called NO2.
According to the European Environment Agency, there would have been 10,640 alone in 2019. Specifically, Vicenza and Cremona are among the five cities in Europe with the highest levels of environmental pollution from fine particles PM2.5, in addition, there are different areas of the boot from which it comes systematically exceeded the annual alarm level for nitrogen dioxide, think of Turin, Milan, Brescia, Bergamo, Genoa, Rome and Florence. As mentioned at the beginning, not only cars are in the spotlight of shame, but transport contributes to the disaster by just over 25%. The package Fits 55 which Europe will vote on concerns a whole range of cross-cutting measures to target the problem at the root, and the chapter on motor vehicles is just one among many. In detail, at the point that interests us most, it is stated that car manufacturers must reduce CO2 emissions from new cars by 55% by 2030, in order to cut them by 100% by 2035. By adding all the initiatives to the package, Europe should achieve climate neutrality by 2050.
All the challenges of the automotive industry
The car sector thus faces a number of challenges aimed at reducing emissions from new cars by 100% by 2035, which means that dealers will only be able to offer customers zero-emission cars from 1 January 2035. impossible to buy new petrol carsdiesel or other fossil fuels.
Because electricity is completely clean, they naturally need attention both along the production chain and subsequently with recharges made with clean energy from renewable sources. In this context, the EU undertakes to publish one new regulation regarding batteries, with producers to guarantee social and environmental sustainability. Then we have the problem of cost: to date, an electric car costs significantly more than a petrol or diesel car, so we need to work to ensure that there is a parity in the cost. According to a new study by Bloomberg New Energy Finance wanted by T&E, electric and traditional cars will cost the same already in 2026 for most segments. Given the current market situation, with all the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic and the war in Ukraine that are causing prices of some basic raw materials for battery construction (lithium and oil to skyrocket) to rise, the price parity in 2026 seems a bit too optimistic for us, but we hope the research data is true.
Then we have to face it chapter “Charging infrastructure”. To date, there are 225,000 charging points for electric cars across Europe, but the European Green Deals target is 1 million charging points by 2025 and 3.5 million by 2030, another difficult but not impossible challenge. Looking at Italy, the charging points for BEVs grew by 20% in 2021 compared to 2020.
Pr. As of December 31, 2021, 26,024 charging points and 13,233 infrastructures, which could be stations or pillars, had been installed at 10,503 sites that are freely accessible to the public.
We who constantly work with electric cars know that sterile data “on paper” often do not agree with the facts, with columns out of use for technical reasons or extremely slow charging points that really improve the electrical experience a bit, even in this case However, we hope for a sudden acceleration in the deployment and reliability of the services.
The last major challenge of the electrical contact then relates energy production, as all these battery-powered vehicles need to be recharged somehow … Well, Europe is preparing to completely disengage from Russian gas and become independent by investing massively in renewable resources, although there are still more issues to be solved – such as “Nuclear power Yes or no?” (UK focuses on wind and nuclear power).
In the meantime, the EU is already at the forefront of battery production European Battery Alliance (EBA) in 2017 to produce lithium-ion batteries for cars. To date, from June 2022, there will be 6 Giga factories in operation throughout Europe, and a further 30 will be put into operation between 2025 and 2030. The goal is to go from 62 GWh to 664 GWh batteries by 2030, with Italy, which will also be an active part of the process. Our country will actually have at least 3 Gigafactory, think of ACC Italy in Termoli, in Molise, at ITALVOLT in Scarmagno, in Piedmont, and at FAAM / FIB in Monterubbiano, in Marche, for a total of 94 GWh.
The last chain of this whole green process in the transport sector will be the final consumer who will be pressured to buy electricity thanks to new government incentives and tax breaks: the Draghi government has already confirmed Ecobonus 2022 for cars and motorcycles, which will replicate on the same way (but by different means) also in 2023 and 2024, with registrations of electric cars determined to increase.
In 2021, 137,283 BEVs were sold in our country, at a market share of over 9%; 100% is still a long way off, but the snowball has only begun its journey along the slope, it will soon become an unstoppable ball, and Europe’s crucial voice will give it a significant boost. For the next few hours the history of the ancient continent will certainly be made.