Andrea Gavostochairman of the Giovanni Agnelli Foundation, has written a book called The blocked school (Laterza 2022): a condemnation of the chronic problems of the Italian school system, from the absence of a selective and motivating policy for school staff, to the critical issues of education, to the need for the establishment of a middle management. On these issues, the meeting of the Secretary-General of Flc Cgil, Francesco Sinopoliand the President of the Agnelli Foundation, a few days after the transposition of Legislative Decree 36/2022 into law, which must complete its process before June 29, as our Deputy Director has repeatedly predicted Reginaldo Palermo.
“The choice of the title of the volume goes in the direction of theorizing that the school has enormous potential – begins Andrea Gavosto – but if we compare it with other European systems, it is clear that it has delays, territorial gaps, after school cycle, of social “character and times of a scientific nature. Why is a school blocked? For errors in communication from politics, but the real problem is the time of instruction. In the perspective of a year and a half of political life, it becomes difficult to establish a long-term reform with a vision”.
To Gavosto’s voice is added the voice of Francesco Sinopoli: “Andrea Gavosto rightly insists on the attempt to open a public debate on the school. But in different visions, we need to find common ground to influence structural issues. In my opinion, the last real reform was primary school, which affected the lives of boys and girls. Today, as we embark on a new reform, we must confront ourselves in order to really push in the direction of “investing in schools:” it is in the economy that one decides how much the school should influence “.
“In terms of resources – the chairman of the Agnelli Foundation answers – we know we need to invest more to bring ourselves on a par with other countries, but the point is how invest. We need to give much more to the school and the teachers, financially speaking, but also ask for much more from the school: for example, more formalized hours of didactic planning. Teachers must be available to educate and we must achieve higher entry thresholds so that teaching becomes a profession with enormous social prestige, very demanding but also able to attract graduates. And we must also move in the direction of a good career development, ”argues Andrea Gavosto.
“Those who work in the school feel forever abandoned by the state,” says Francesco Sinopoli. “Bringing this profession to the center of the country must take into account the context. Let’s look at the pandemic: who are the ones who have been most affected by the pandemic? All those who do not have the support of a family at home who can give them a hand. So here is how important the time spent in school is; so much counts the investment in school time. The spread grows the more, the less investment in school time is. “This is why Francesco Sinopoli and Andrea Gavosto find harmony.
And as for the employment decree, Andrea Gavosto agrees with the idea of 60 points, an approach of 60 points, in line with the rest of the European countries. “But it is difficult for the university to organize these courses – he points out – be aware of this aspect. The issue of aid should not be underestimated either. Whoever becomes a support teacher must have a solid education, using unskilled staff is not good, and I do not know how much this coming reform is able to handle this aspect ”.
Francesco Sinopoli expresses his opinion on Decree 36 and proposes: “Let’s start from Fit and let’s put the resources into it. It is true that 60 points is better than 24, but the problem is that around this system of basic teacher education, the credit market will continue to dominate because universities – as Andrea Gavosto also claims – will not be able to cope this way. We believe in an important formation, it is not right that we ask for amnesty – number one of Flc Cgil defends itself -. The simplest way to meet the needs of the NRP has been found: but this is not a victory for the state, it is a defeat. I would have invested more in training, also in order to stabilize the precarious, and less in selection (on which a lot of ideology has been made)“.
Andrea Gavosto agrees with Francesco Sinopoli in one aspect: “220 thousand substitutes … it’s obscenity, even from a social point of view,” says the chairman of the Agnelli Foundation, “but the unions have become too attached to the dual. Channel model” .