Friday, June 24, 2022, III Space Geopolitics Conference “From AirPower to SpacePower, Powers and Powers on the Edge of the New Frontier“.
The national conference, also held this year in the magnificent surroundings of the Auditorium of the Specialist School of Caserta, is organized by the Atlantic Club of Naples, the University, ArmaAeronautica / CESMA Association and the Association of Aerospace Engineering students EuroAvia Naples, with the patronage of the Italian air force.
The appointment intends to address the theme of space power, both in its conceptual and operational dimension, to discuss the tools through which this power is realized and the implications that its development brings to the doctrinal, organizational, and programmatic structure of the great space powers. .
In fact, over the last decade, many changes have been triggered on these fronts by the evolution of space power, as well as by the broader geopolitical changes taking place.
From a doctrinal point of view, all the major space powers have taken markedly more assertive strategic positions; doctrines that aim to both enhance and exhibit their readiness and ability to act in space and through space to achieve their goals, emphasizing the importance of deterrence as a strategy for dealing with potential adversaries.
Many Western countries have also taken steps to strengthen their strategic cooperation and increase the resilience and redundancy of their space infrastructure through mutual assistance.
At the operational level, the great powers have begun to reorganize their armed forces, giving a broader weight to the units dealing with space, especially at the operational level.
A reorganization, this one, aimed on the one hand to improve the ability of the armed forces to use the space for security and defense purposes in traditional domains (through better integration with other branches of defense for example), and on the other hand to ensure the protection of their space infrastructures and the very capacity for action in this area (eg through a better awareness of the spatial situation).
Finally, at a programmatic level, the traditional powers as well as the new graduates have invested massively in the development of means of controlling space.
That Room control, commonly known as counterspace, it is a set of techniques to achieve the so-called Space Superiority, that is, the ability to use space for its own purposes and to deny it to a potential opponent.
These techniques are of both defensive and offensive nature – while the former aims to protect one’s space infrastructure against possible attacks, the latter aims to deny, degrade or destroy opponents’ space capacity, through kinetic means such as AST systems, weapons such as orbital or direct energy and non-kinetic means, such as jamming and increasingly frequent cyber attacks.
Both are founded and must be supported by Space Domain Awareness, that is, the ability to observe and characterize what is happening in space to anticipate potential threats.
Several both kinetic and non-kinetic counter-space technologies have been developed and tested in recent years, although to date only non-kinetic capabilities have been actively employed in military operations.
But it is the very development and potential use of these skills that raises important strategic and operational issues – issues that will be addressed properly, with the help of key specialists in the field, in the first round table along with the topic of space power – as well as diplomatic and legal issues relating to responsible conduct and lawful use of force in space – which will be addressed by the Second Round Table. “