“lower” standard than the national and “significant gap” in terms of safety

CATANZARO Standard “lower” than the national in many indicators and a “significant gap” in terms of security compared to the rest of the country. At the infrastructural level, the school’s “planet” in Calabria is full of criticalities in the “photograph” of the latest annual report of the Bank of Italy-Catanzaro branch on the economy of Calabria. Using the results of the individual data portal for the Ministry of Education’s school, Bankitalia outlines a not very pleasant cross-section of the infrastructure of the Calabrian system, with the aim of analyzing indicators such as complex size and equipment, school building accessibility characteristics and possible risk profiles (building built specifically for school use for more than 50 years ago, located in the context of disturbing elements or considered unsafe, in possession of safety certificates). For the Central Bank of Italy – reads the annual report – “reading these indicators shows that Calabrian school buildings are characterized by a lower standard than the national one in many of the aspects considered, albeit with some differences in education”. In detail – notes the Foundation – “in terms of scholarships, although the average size of the classes in Calabria is slightly lower than the national average (19 and 21 pupils per class respectively, the total area of ​​the school district per pupil is more restrained, especially in upper secondary school. The proportion of pupils who use school buildings with canteens is significantly lower than the national average (17 and 29 per cent, respectively) and reaches a gap of 24 percentage points in primary and lower secondary school. is very low (33 per cent against a national average of 53) with a particularly large gap in primary and lower secondary schools “.

The “photograph” of the school in Calabria according to the Bank of Italy branch of Catanzaro

The safety chapter: according to the Bank of Italy report “Calabrian schools show a significant gap (about 13 percentage points less, 7.4 percent compared to 20.2 percent) compared to the national figure for the relative indicator possession of certificates (viability, approval of The other safety profiles, on the other hand, show fewer shortcomings.Although 59 per cent of students visit buildings built less than 50 years ago, the incidence of those built specifically for school use is above the national average (98 respectively and 95 per cent), almost all of which are used for school buildings. or in an area considered safe (eg because it is far from heavy traffic areas or degraded) is only slightly lower than the rest of the the country (73 and 71 per cent, respectively; shares for Italy are 76 and 78) “. But the Italian central bank also issues” advice “for the future:” As evidenced by some studies, the condition of infrastructures is a relevant factor that can favor learning processes and affect the accumulation of human capital, which helps to explain the differences in in terms of skills and results achieved and the implicit rate of spread. Priority is therefore given to ensuring its accessibility and qualitative development in the area, a goal that is also shared in the context of the National Reform Program. The latter dedicates 6.6 billion to school infrastructures, of which 3.4 billion related to existing projects and 3.2 billion to new projects. The resources are mainly intended for the construction of new schools and security for existing ones (approx. 90 per cent), while the remainder is intended for the construction and conversion of premises to be used as canteens and sports facilities. The allocation of funds was also made taking into account the infrastructural gaps: 5.4 per cent of the total resources are allocated to Calabria ». (redazione@corrierecal.it)

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