A joint and general effort, which with the strong support of the institutions contributes to renew the Italian transfusion system it is at guarantee the need for blood components for chronically ill patients and hospitals. This is how the unanimous choir, which emerged from associations, patients, specialists, academics and third sector bodies from the conference, can be summarized “Donating blood is a gesture of solidarity. Join us and save lives”.
Arranged by National AVIS in Rome on the occasion of World Donor Daythe meeting represented a valuable moment for in-depth study of a theme that concerns everyone in the first person: donation of blood and plasma and achieving self-sufficiency in plasma-derived drugs. Moderated by Corriere della Sera journalist Margherita De Bac, the Palazzo Santa Chiara event unfolded over four macro sessions.
The donation in Italy
By doing the honors, the Chairman of National AVIS, Gianpietro Briolahe remembered how «to date the theme for lack of both blood components current even in the traditionally self-sufficient regions. Planned therapies and interventions are at risk, so one is needed joint effort and generally to find together the solutions we need: first and foremost health professionals. The transfusion sector can no longer be seen as one thing: it must be understood that without it, hospitals would not be operational. Hence the need to reorganize the system ».
And an important starting point in this sense is represented not only by filling in the collection’s criticisms, but by a “effective use of blood – explained the director of the Office of Transplantation, Blood and Blood Components in the Ministry of Health, Mauro Dionisio – Use one proper patient blood treatmentin fact, it is the strategy to better manage blood components and think more and more not only in terms of quantity but quality and safety for those who give and for those who receive. In this sense, the provisions of Competition law it will bring additional resources for the system for daily activities“.
Activities based on donor activity. According to the director of National Blood Center, Vincenzo De Angelis“If the system has remained in place despite the emergency caused by Covid, it is thanks to those who make this gesture of solidarity every day. The 2021 data mark a recovery, even if they do not reach the pre-pandemic levels.” The instructor rolled through the figures and graphs on last year’s trend and appealed to “women and young people” and stressed how “the challenges we are talking about here today need to be overcome together. The shortcomings have already been reported, the start of 2022 does not leave us calm neither in terms of red blood cells nor plasma. There will be no extraordinary extra-regional compensation during the summer because the excess blood must be used by the surgical departments to restore the previously delayed surgeries. No one saves himself alone ‘.
The value of the free donation
After the greetings sent by the President of SIMTI, Francesco Fiorin, it was the turn of Professor Emiliano Ricciardi and Dr. Dario Menicagli who presented the results of study “The propensity to give in Italy”, conducted by IMT Alti Studi School of Lucca in collaboration with National AVIS and four Regional Avis (Emilia Romagna, Lombardy, Puglia and Tuscany). The research, which is the largest conducted for the first time in our country on this topic, has allowed compare the behavior of Italian donorswho do not receive compensation for their periodic gestures, with the Hungarians, a nation whereinstead plasma donation includes a form of compensation. By analyzing what happened during the pandemic, with the donations they had in countries where this gesture is free, it emerged that the Italian system has reaffirmed itself as a virtuous model in consolidating and expanding the motivations foras it generates a solidarity mechanism aimed at self-sufficiency, which guarantees a very long “donor career”.
A concept that was also taken up by the intervention of Professor Corrado Del Bò, Professor of Philosophy of Law at the University of Bergamo: «The pandemic requires a rethinking of the conceptual content of the right to health. In fact, we can no longer limit it to a range of general preventive measures or treatments as needed. The need to protect one’s own and others’ health becomes one way to achieve another value: solidarity. But unlike what we give in an “expressive” form, Covid has made us understand that it is possible to express it in a concrete way, where we act with a mutual purpose based on ourselves and reach them around U.S.”
And those around us are them people who in the ethical, periodic and free gesture see care and true hope for life: patients. AIL, AIP and UNITED Onlus were the three associations that attended the conference in Palazzo Santa Chiara and explained what difficulties that a chronic patient has to deal with on a daily basis. “It’s important to increase the number of donors,” he said Pino Toro, President of AIL – but so is the organization of the collection. Practicing solidarity in school and the spirit of active citizenship is the starting point: the associations must be united at national level, and we are ready to support any initiative of this type “.
According to Alessandro Segato, President of the AIP“policy must consider blood and plasma as a strategic choice it’s not just about us. Associations can not stand alone: they can make proposals, promote initiatives, but the solutions must be found by the institutions. This is the basis of civilization ».
A call to responsibility is what he invited us to do Raffele Vindigni, President of UNITED Onlus: «Each of us has a duty not to wait. We patients must be the first to actively collaborate with voluntary organizations and local and national institutions. If we want the new generations to know what we are talking about, we must start raising awareness already from our families. Resource management is the basis of all this: we can not allow the treatment options in a country like ours to depend on the territory in which a person is born. That is not correct. The right to health must apply to everyone ‘.
The challenges of volunteering and the third sector
The concept of alliance is what Professor Stefano ZamagniPresident of the Papal Academy of Sciences and full professor of political economy at the University of Bologna, opened in the last session of the conference: “If public bodies no longer play a leading role, it is necessary, as they say in jargon take the bull by the horns. When donating, the donor’s inherent motivation is not enough: it is necessary to make people understand how the donated blood becomes useful to others.. If this does not happen, the donor will stop his voluntary action ».
In short, working to build a community is the path indicated by Andrea Volterranisociologist in cultural processes and communication at the University of Rome Tor Vergata: “It is necessary to act in order to create more intense relationships where volunteering plays a fundamental role. It is difficult because it requires time and patience, but action must be taken against the people of all ages. Today, young people have been questioned several times, but what about the age group between 35 and 50 years? Where does the donation go? Rome is an emblematic case as it is a very large city where it is gathered with three blood mobiles and where there are neighborhoods where this sensitivity does not exist. I therefore do not think it is a problem for the north or the south, but for the dissolution of the individual societies.
And that is precisely one of the challenges facing the third sector. As he explained Vanessa PallucchiSpokesman for the Forum, “the aim is to bring the contribution of volunteering into the public debate. When the country rethinks itself, it builds one new welfare with the person at the center. We can not only become aware of realities like AVIS when they are needed: we must be an active part of a movement that, through cultural, sporting or social initiatives, transfers these values and the absolute value to the community that each of us is a part. The third sector must be the main person in the institutional tables“.