On the beach or in the pool, the safety of children is crucial. In fact, drowning is the risk that threatens when it comes to children and water. The UN also adopted a resolution to prevent drowning. In the world they are calculated at least 63 victims a day. In total, there are over 2.5 million drowned dead around the world in the last decade.
Drowning is the second leading cause of death among children between 5 and 14 years of age and the fourth among young people between 15 and 29 years of age (source: International Life Saving).
In Europe, drowning causes the loss of 23,000 lives every year, not including flood victims, water transport accidents, the refugee crisis and suicide. In addition, thousands of people – not rescued in time – suffer from lifelong disabilities due to non-fatal accidents due to drowning.
How to prevent drowning?
The presence of a lifeguard significantly reduces the risk. But there is also few rules who can help us when we are on the beach or in the pool. Here they are:
– Always supervise your children and neighbors near the water.
– Wear a life jacket when sailing.
– Do not drink alcohol when in or near water.
– Always swim in areas where there are lifeguards.
– Practice rescue skills safely.
– Take action if anyone needs help.
Why is he drowning?
Rescue experts have identified 4 risks: lack of knowledge, carelessness or misjudgment of the danger. So access to the water uninformed, unprotected or not restricted to danger. Again: the lack of supervision or surveillance and ultimately the inability to cope with difficulties.
How to start the rescue machine? What should we check for?
It is important not to lose sight of the children, to stay close to where they are bathing. It is very important that there is also a lifeguard present. It is also important to be able to recognize anxiety, signs of drowning to ask for help. You should also avoid going into the water for rescue if you are not trained for it.
A floating object can be thrown at the victim. How do you get out of the water? You reach the victim, or if you are unable to, try instructing the victim (who has meanwhile been able to cling to a floating overhang) to return to shore.
What treatments do they offer?
If the victim is not breathing, explains the International Life Saving Federation, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, including ventilation, should be initiated. Oxygen and the use of a defibrillator, if available, should be considered.
Children and water: the risks are different depending on age
By the sea or by the pool, it is important to identify specific user groups that are at risk. A group of vulnerable users are determined by it children under six. With them, the parent or guardian must always be in the water with the child. Unless it is a regulated swimming course with qualified teachers. Number one rule that we have seen, however, is to stay close to the point where the child is playing. With small children, it is helpful to set up barriers and make the little ones familiar with the water. Parents and guardians should also learn resuscitation and self-rescue techniques in the water. Also children from 7 to 12 years they are considered a vulnerable group. And even with them, parents or guardians must always participate in the water activity if the child is unable to swim. THAT young people from 13 to 18 years they should learn to perform resuscitation (to revive a partner for example). They should learn to swim and survive, and all water safety skills and abilities. Also close monitoring is possible in shallow water installations, no
shallow water, not deeper than 1 meter and 35. Furthermore, you should always inform about what to do in case of fatigue or panic. If possible, try to find out if e.g. are special diagnoses
known heart problems, history of stroke, diabetes, epilepsy, etc.
In installations where there are games, for example water parks, and the possibility of special activities with slides, waves, rivers or rapids is envisaged, trampolines must have a monitoring routine, because the water depth can be greater than the length of an arm for children and teenagers below 12 years. If there is an attraction or activity that requires some skill, it is necessary to inform the users and make skill requirements, age limits, height limits clearly visible. And make it clear how the circuit works from the starting point to the point of arrival. The 12-year limit is generally recommended for this type of attraction. Children under the age of six should never be left alone. And in the information, opening and closing times must be stated, and also the – if any – where the pool areas are not supervised.