In school, heart massage is taught with virtual reality, says Dr. Semeraro: We learn that we can all save a life

In cooperation with

Dr. Federico Semeraro

Anesthesiologist, resuscitation assistant and elected chairman of the European Resuscitation Council

There is 60 thousand arrests heart every year in Italy and more than 400 thousand In Europe. In it 80% of cases is a sudden cardiac event testified.

Shaping these numbers means admitting that often when heart of an older, adult or young person ceases to function and blood it is no longer pumped to vital organs, at least one person is witnessing the scene and is potentially capable of do something.

I say “Potential” because there is rarely anyone who unfortunately intervenes. Doctor Federico Semeraro says that people might get stuck because they have fear to do more harm than good. More simply, it means getting they really know what to do.

Acting – or reacting – at the moment ofemergency it is an instinctive reaction, one reflex automatically that we do not think about because we do not even reach it in time: it just comes.

Keeping your head and your head cold in the middle of a crisis is oneskills who lives in us. And like all the others, it can be stimulated, trained, cultivated until it blooms, and becomes an inherent trait of each one.

Like a flower, it begins to water when it is still a small and malleable bud, in the same way as to know to intervene Facing a person in a heart attack is an idea that can and should be instilled in the little onesinto schools.

In the classroom

“The teaching of these practices is essential to increase the percentage of people who intervene in cardiac arrest and thus increase the percentages of survival Dr. Semeraro explained to us.

The anesthetist and resuscitation manager at Maggiore Hospital in Bologna, Federico Semeraro, is also the elected president ofEuropean Resuscitation Council.

He deals with cardiac arrest “always” and has been promoting the project in Italy since 2015 “Children save lives”. This is an international campaign for create awareness And to form the school population in dealing with cardiorespiratory emergencies.

Doctor Federico Semeraro is an anesthetist and resuscitation man and has been elected President of the European Resuscitation Council.

“Bringing lung rescue as a subject in schools has one effect multiplier – explained Dr. Semeraro – It becomes culture in future generations and then when children talk about it with their own parentsin return, making culture at home “.

Basically, Semeraro brings to the classrooms of Emilia Romagna the culture that each of us, if we are well “educated”, can really save a life.

Using virtual reality

After many years of meetings and initiatives, even “Kids Save Lives” today has had to learn to adapt to the calls fromtechnological innovation and new ways of teaching.

To meet the needs – and skills – of young people, the Bolognese health workers have decided to add new and sophisticated tools to their luggage. reality virtual.

For this reason, two apps have been created as part of the “Kids Save Lives: Learn how to save a life” project ad hoc to teach heart massage with Virtual reality.

“A Breathtaking Picnic VR” and “School of CPR VR” aim to offer children the opportunity to learn these life-saving practices by literally doing them immerse yourself in emergencies. “” A breathtaking picnic “was one story interactive in 2D launched in 2015, where you could interact with the smartphone. Today we have reduced it to a short stage, because with VR the experience is more tiring and the children’s attention limit is lower and lower ”.

“School of CPR VR”, on the other hand, is an experience further and interactive, which throws the slightly older children into the beautiful Piazza Santo Stefano in Bologna, where a person suffers a cardiac arrest: the scenario they are in is not unlocked, and the events do not continue until they decide to be active to interact with the scene “Do something”.

Teaching cardiac massage in school means increased survival in the event of cardiac arrest

Dr. Federico Semeraro, President of the Erc

“The first prototype was developed in 2009, but was dedicated to sanitary ware and very expensive. Over time, the commercial price of virtual reality devices has halved, and the technology has therefore exploded again. said Dr. Semeraro and stressed that the Bolognese idea of ​​using virtual reality to train children in cardiopulmonary resuscitation today represents an absolute first time.

The “Kids Save Lives” project in Italy includes a series of events at different schools, one of a kind “Trip” as Dr. Semeraro defined where the coaches of the Italian Resuscitation Council in 12 months will meet and train 1000 students and 100 teachers associated primary and secondary schools in Bologna and Ravenna.

“These two apps provide training for the little ones. The next step in the growth path is to get them to sign up for the app AED responder: since 2017, it has spread across the region, enabling it to become part of the community capable of intervening in the event of cardiac arrest. What we are proposing is a path to training, information and then action “.

The regulatory context

The first aid culture is at the center of the mind European Community for ten years now.

It was 2012 as all Member States were initially asked to initiate a series of information campaigns that they could somehow improve survival from cardiac arrest.

What we are proposing is a path to training, information and then action

Dr. Federico Semeraro, President of the Erc

The scholastic variation of the project came only later, starting froml 2015with the aim of going beyond the high walls of the school world by bringing these information and training projects directly into the classrooms and on students’ desks.

“IN Italyspontaneous first aid activities have always been performed without any structuring – recalled the President-elect of the European Resuscitation Council – In 2015, within the “Buona scuola” law, there was an article dedicated to the introduction of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in high schools, but to pass from theory to practice we had to wait until 2021 “.

Only in the law from August last year was it actually finally introduced the compulsory teaching of resuscitation maneuvers in schools as a tool to improve survival.

“Our intervention – admits Dr. Semeraro – even though they are important, they are still grains of sand in the desert. ONE system change coming from above providing the mandatory hours dedicated to these training activities is what is needed to truly revolutionize things “.

Change is possible

Speaking of which, the teaching of cardiopulmonary resuscitation at school has one role essential.

Until now, the USL company in Bologna has collected data on cardiac arrest that has occurred in the Bolognese area from the beginning from 2013 to 2019 and in a recent study, he measured how many times witnesses to an arrest intervened to help those who were ill.

“In 2013, in the Bologna area, in the event of an arrest, 13% of people. In 2019, after many years of awareness-raising initiatives, we switched to 28% and survival has gone from 12% from 2009 to 19% in 2019. In Europe, survival from cardiac arrest is it8% and the heart starts again on stage in 33% of cases: in Bologna in 45% of cases, almost that double“.

If in the whole regional area increased the percentage of those who intervene from 28% to 80% witnesses of a cardiac arrest would be “Important main characters”. The international literature has shown how survival rates increase exponentially as witness intervention increases. “It shows this data there has been an improvement and that this is the way to go ”.

The first practical test

“Kids Save Lives” made its first official release on June 1, 2022in a primary school in Crespellano, in the province of Bologna, with over 86 children.

Divided into two groups based on age, the youngest went – from primary school – into the adventure of “Breathtaking Picnic” to learn to know And recognize cardiac arrest. When the “passive” part was over, they embarked on the first heart massage experiences mannequins. The seniors, on the other hand, immediately put the viewers on, trying to cope with a really-like emergency.

“The experience in our class was very positive – he told us Manuela Rambaldiprimary school teacher in the logical-mathematical field – The kids showed one very good interest for these life-saving practices. They caught up enthusiasm the opportunity to experiment in the field, how to intervene in case of cardiac arrest and needs ”.

Virtual reality instead of a frontal lesson immediately seemed like a good choice. The use of a familiar tool that is closer to the children’s world has enabled a more immersive and direct experience: “He struck the right chords and caughtAttention of the guys who, as you know, do not last that long. The test with the mannequins was also very important: I believe that acting concretely has them stimulated more and more”.

At the end of a day based on culture e fun – the secret to getting to the heart of the little ones – was both Professor Rambaldi and Dr. Semeraro also agrees on the idea that integrating the teaching of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the basics of first aid as topics into the school curriculum today is one. priority.

“It simply came to our notice then requests which I saw the boys do during the June 1st meeting. Many of them Yes they identified in the situation thinking imagine that it could happen for one friend or to one of them Parent: there is the desire to do his part “. It is clear, Professor Rambaldi continued, that more and more people in recent years have been asked about school, from computer education to English or community education: being able to find a place even in first aid therefore risks becoming a overload of incorrectly managed information.

Then it might be helpful to prioritize choice of subject And “I think teaching CPR in school is one of the things that should not be missing, especially for children in the last year of primary school: these lessons would coincide with the study programs, which deal with the discourse of the human body. Better than that, I do not think we can integrate theory with practice “ concluded the professor, keeping his eyes open and hopeful for a new and different future. For boys and more.

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integrate, not replacethe relationship between a patient and their physician.

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