Goodbye diesel and petrol, electric car duty: what happens now

Let’s start from here: the European Parliament voted yesterday “Fits 55“Or the package of measures proposed by the European Commission that will force European carmakers to abandon endothermic internal combustion engines (diesel And gas) from 2035. It is an epoch-making revolution in the style of Soviet Stalinist planning, which aims to transform the EU machine fleet into electric.

The question is, what happens now? Let’s try to understand it with a few simple points.

  1. When does the ban start? Petrol, diesel and hybrid cars can not be sold from 2035. Until that day, you can still buy a nice crackling Ferrari (if you can afford it): Only from 2035 onwards will new registrations be banned. However, this does not mean that your petrol point (minus national decisions and miscellaneous Ztl) will not be able to circulate even after this date.
  2. Is the decision final? Yes and no. In Europe, decisions are taken in three ways: by the European Commission, by Parliament and by the EU Council (consisting of Heads of State and Government). The Green Revolution has overcome the first two obstacles, subtracting some divisions in the majority. But now the Council must formulate its negotiating position. The agreement between the states can reach the Environmental Council on 28 June. From there, negotiations begin on a detailed agreement on the new EU rules for emission standards for new cars and vans.
  3. What will happen to the car market? Everything is worth seeing. According to some estimates, electric cars will put the middle class in difficulty: they can hardly cost less than 20 thousand euros. In the next few years, however, we will continue to buy many cars with internal combustion engines. The first reason is, as mentioned, that they still cost a lot. But above all, there are still too many problems associated with their use: the autonomy of the batteries, the time of recharging and the total absence of a network of columns.
  4. Will diesel and petrol cars cost less? Possible, at least in a few years. It is, in fact, a product that will gradually lose value. Likewise, the current and next used ones will be depreciated quickly.
  5. Are there alternatives to electricity after the farewell to diesel and petrol? Not right now. The EPP had proposed lowering the cut in car emissions from 100% to 90%. In this way, a window would remain open to alternative technologies to electricity, such as “bio” fuels, which are much less polluting than gasoline and diesel, but not completely “zero-impact” like electricity. However, the amendment was not adopted. “I think those who are racing for electrification do not want synthetic fuels,” said Minister Cingolani yesterday, “which decarbonise up to 90% and are fully compatible with the petrol pumps we have on our roads and with internal combustion engines. “We are the second largest producer of these fuels in the world. In my opinion, this could be a solution, especially in the transition phase”.
  6. Is European industry in danger? The answer is simple: yes. The EU has accelerated on electricity in the hope of becoming the reference market, but there are objective problems: the Chinese have an advantage. And above all, the raw materials for the production of large batteries are mainly located in the East.
  7. Are jobs lost? Of course. And do not get. The first estimates for Italy alone say that 60-70 thousand jobs have been burned, just under half of the entire sector. In Europe, we reach half a million possible unemployed. Will new job opportunities be created? Of course, especially in the electronics industry. The problem is that for the same number of engines produced, 10 people are needed to make diesel, 3 for petrol and 1 for electricity. The reason is also simple here: Today you need a spark plug, pistons, cylinder, to build an engine. injectors. No more tomorrow. According to Clepa in Europe, if you decide to focus only on electricity, compared to the 501 thousand fewer jobs, only 226 thousand people will be created: a net loss of 275 thousand.
  8. How much are the components of endothermic motors worth? For Italy, Anfia estimates 2,200 companies, 161,000 employees, 105.8 billion in revenue for 6.5% of GDP. To a large extent, we risk losing it.
  9. Where are the batteries made? To date, 70% of the batteries are manufactured in Asia. First and foremost, there is China, which accounts for 45% of the global market. Then comes South Korea and Japan. This means that, apart from a hurry for recovery, we risk extraditing ourselves to Beijing. For now in Europe, the first “community” battery has been produced in Sweden. That gigafabrik they are under construction in Germany and France. Britain does the same, but it creates history in itself. In Italy, Stellantis is working on rebuilding the Termoli plant, but in terms of components (where we were a leader), our country risks total irrelevance in the battery sector.
  10. Do electric cars pollute less? The answer is not simple. However, the estimates are not so in favor of the electric. First reason: To be “carbon neutral”, the car must be recharged 100% from renewable energy sources, which is still impossible today. Furthermore, the extraction processes of the raw materials used to make the batteries use a lot of water and are polluting. Finally, no one is yet fully aware of how to dispose of the billions of batteries that will become obsolete and useless in the future. To date, it is estimated that up to 80,000 kilometers of an endothermic car (petrol or diesel) and an electric car produce equal emissions.

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