Zero-emission cars, the EU prepares for the revolution – Norms and institutions

Crucial to protecting people’s health and the environment, electric vehicles can help Europe accelerate its path to independence from Russian fossil fuels in the midst of the current energy crisis. This is according to the study conducted by ANSA in collaboration with the French agencies AFP, German DPA, Romanian Agerpres, Dutch ANP and Swedish TT for the European Data News Hub (EDNH), the multilingual reference point for data journalism on EU topics, on the occasion of World Environment Day.
Between Tuesday and Wednesday, the European Parliament is preparing to reject the Fit 55 package in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, which also means a stop to the sale of petrol and diesel cars from 2035. A vote by President Roberta Metsola announced will be “crucial”. For Italy, the push for electric vehicles would bring major benefits: Our country has the black record for premature deaths due to nitrogen dioxide (NO2): 10,640 in 2019, according to the European Environment Agency. Cremona and Vicenza are among the five European cities with the highest levels of fine particle pollution (PM2.5), and a few weeks ago the European Court of Justice, which declared non-compliance, “systematically and continuously”, ruled on the annual value limit. set to nitrogen dioxide and lack of measures to prevent the problem. Among the ‘accused’ areas are the urban areas of Turin, Brescia, Milan, Bergamo, Genoa, Rome and Florence.
But transport is also a key sector for the green transition. To date, at least 25% of all greenhouse gases in Europe come from transport. To achieve climate neutrality in 2050, the EU has developed the Fit for 55 package, which among other things requires car manufacturers to reduce emissions from new cars by 55% in 2030 and by 100% in 2035. Electric cars improve air quality thanks to lower emissions, but they have all a CO2 footprint if they are only linked to the production process and recycling of materials. In this sense, the new EU regulation on batteries should guarantee their social and environmental sustainability.
According to a recent study commissioned by T&E for Bloomberg New Energy Finance, production cost parity between an electric vehicle and a traditional vehicle will be reached around 2026 for most of the segments. In addition, tax breaks, scrapping schemes and subsidies make it more affordable to buy. In Italy, registrations of electric vehicles in 2021 were 137,283 (over 9% of total sales).
Currently, there are 225,000 charging points across Europe, according to ACEA, a number still far from the European Green Deal target of 1 million charging points in 2025 and 3.5 million in 2030. But according to the Motus-E data in 2021 charging stations in Italy increased by 35% compared to 2020: per. As of December 31, 2021, 26,024 charging points and 13,233 infrastructures (stations or columns) had been installed at 10,503 places accessible to the public.
In 2017, the EU launched the European Battery Alliance (EBA) to produce the lithium-ion batteries that will drive the transition from fossil fuels to electric vehicles.
There are currently six gigabytes operating in the EU and a further 30 are planned for 2025-2030 to push production, which so far accounts for only 8% of the world share, rising from 62 GWh to 664 GWh by 2030. Italy should have at least three gigabytes on the same date: FAAM / FIB in Monterubbiano (Marche), ACC Italy in Termoli (Molise) and ITALVOLT in Scarmagno (Piedmont), for a total of 94 GWh. All data showing that the green transport revolution has just begun.

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