The “possible left” in political culture

The Democratic Party can not be the only container

May 22, 2022

Sandro Frisullo, former Vice-President of the Vendola Council of the Puglia Region

It has also happened in the past that popular orientations were registered in clear opposition / deviation to certain government decisions. But certainly not in the so obvious and persistent forms recorded in the judgment of the war and its consequences. And this is happening while the channels of a substantial part of the information (print media and television) are being sucked into an uncritical narrative marked by the mainstream of opinion makers and commentators who are adamantly committed to liquidating the causes of pacifism and downplaying the attitudes that is aimed at negotiation. and necessary negotiating compromise. But what has happened in part of the left-wing camp (or who is referring to it) is really impressive.

Within a few weeks, the parliamentary groups of the Democratic Party voted in favor of measures to increase military spending and the deployment of weapons, as well as economic sanctions, the effectiveness of which is already under discussion among the various European partners due to overt reflection on the performance of national economies. The dissent, expressed by large popular demonstrations, by Anpi and by the trade unions, was immediately stamped out in an aggressive and vulgar manner, so that it aroused suspicion of pro-Persian mobilizations and anti-Western uprisings. As if being part of the West meant an inevitable subordination of the United States’ militaristic, armaments, and power policies. Some commentators have come to regard pacifism as a pleasant salon exercise, reserved for “beautiful souls” or, at best, a position that lacks the necessary realism to defeat the Russian aggressor. And then the ideology of “si vis pacem para bellum” penetrates democratic circles and overturns the fundamentals of a political culture that has formed entire generations on the left.

For example: In the famous speech held in Bergamo on March 20, 1963, Togliatti’s crucial passage referred to the terrible “news” represented by the risk of a thermonuclear conflict which, by changing the nature of war, would have wiped out humanity. “War becomes something other than it has ever been (…), and peace, which has always been thought of as a good, becomes something more and different: it becomes a necessity if man does not want to destroy himself. But that Recognizing this need can not fail to mean a total overhaul of political guidelines, of public morality and also of private morality. . And again Berlinguer in 1983: “Today we are fighting to stop the new arms race that is underway … Can total disarmament be considered a” utopia “? I say no. I say it will be a necessity, not only to survive, but also to solve the problems of humanity beginning with the problems of evolution.Of course, the world today seems to be moving in a different direction, but I think this, which was a typical utopia of the socialist movement, is back today with great relevance ”.

Entire generations, educated in this idea of ​​peace, as the terrain for a concrete political-cultural struggle and as an axis to redefine a new democratic world order based on dialogue and peaceful coexistence, have felt deceived by the random metamorphosis. by a group leader of the Democratic Party with respect for the ideals and deep convictions that motivated the “people of the left”.

That is also why I consider it necessary to build a left-wing party that explicitly defines itself as socialist. Not only because its absence constitutes an anomaly in the European panorama, with new left formations and mergers acting alongside the traditional socialist parties.

In fact, there is no doubt that the absence, in Italy, of an autonomous and vital force of socialism weakens democracy, pushing constituencies in the direction of abstaining or protesting (raising the ranks of sovereignty and populism). Even without controversy and realism, the Democratic Party should regard the formation on the left of a party with a clear socialist, workers’, social democratic identity as useful and necessary for the democratic coalition. And the controversial consideration that it can not be done if it confirms today’s difficulties certainly does not eliminate the possibility of building it.

The Democratic Party cannot pretend in itself, in an eclectic and somewhat confused way, different inspirations and cultures. And to consider oneself the only container of “the possible left”. It is no coincidence, in fact, that Bersani’s proposal for a constituent phase and for the “restart” of a broad field of the left in Letta’s proposal has been declassified into Agorà, a “format” more useful for propaganda and “refining” The possible return of the management group of “Art.1.” And it must also be taken into account that on the way from PCI-PDS-DS to the Democratic Party, the political and institutional tradition and culture of PCI is gradually weakened (some leaders’ ridiculous rejection of never to have been a communist!) To the point of assuming the characters of a progressive force with a clear liberal-democratic system.

But for me and for many others, the mere definition of a Democrat is not enough. A left-wing party cannot exist without a clear political reference culture, without a clear social and political identity. So much the more for a left wing that strives to rule along a project of transformation (equality and freedom) of society.

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