SCHOOL / Its how to improve the Academy system to meet companies

Indire (National Institute of Documentation, Innovation and Educational Research) has been the reference point for educational research in Italy for almost 100 years. On behalf of the Ministry of Education, it hosts the database of higher technical institutes (ITS). These old didactic structures, now renewed and made more thanks to the new National Recovery and Resilience Plan (Pnrr), are today 120, are present in the area related to 6 technological areas and constitute the first Italian experience with professionalising higher education offers according to a system that has been consolidated for some years also in other European countries.

Born organic in 2010 to train senior technicians in strategic areas of economic development and competitiveness in Italy, but they originate from the past with varying degrees of organicity and increasing interaction over time with the job market. Without forgetting the connection between ITS, which anchored an active policy of drastically reducing transition times from school to work (TSL), and Pnrr itself, which utilizes its logic itself as a priority in this programming as well as funding link with the renewed ways to use European funds on.

ITS are high-tech business schools closely linked to the production system, which prepares specialized middle managers who can help manage and exploit the potential of Enterprise 4.0 enterprise solutions.

Following the approval of the NRP, a text is currently being approved – “Redefining the mission and organization of the higher technical education system in the implementation of the National Recovery and Resilience Plan” – whose changes are still under way due to the need to formulate its complexity. Not surprisingly, several media outlets, including Subsidiaryworking on the many elements concerning the new rules, including some contributions from Edschool, The sun 24 hours And AllSchool.

The “rejuvenation” of this school structure, later called its Academy, is the first, also of political importance, stated in Pnrr and is about to reach its considerable realization before long. I’m not under the illusion that it will be the final text, despite all the precautions used to propose additions by key stakeholders, as directly involved topics that have elaborated rich and detailed documents that constitute the significant regulatory structure of Senate Act No. 2333 that one should have paid particular attention to for the pregnancy of these new pillars and growth factors for human capital.

Among the stakeholders is, of course, the university, represented by Crui, which in the Indire-Anvur hearing on 2 November 2021 defines the wishes as positive, but reports “a strong concern: the three-year courses (6 Eqf level) – confusion for graduates (Its 2 years, Its 3 years, Itp, It, Imcu); – proposal: limitation of the same to the issues of the 6 existing three-year ITS (naval officers and aircraft maintenance) or of additional areas to be approved by the competent ministries.

The Crui at the same meeting then points out “further delicate aspects: 1) the qualification of the training courses (imbalance with the Ava system); 2) the connection between its academies and the university and research system (Article 8)”.

About the problems, agitated and then solved subsequently, there were consultations that led to the preparation of the following text by the Minister of University and Research Maria Cristina Messa, contained in a long article published by Sole 24 Øre: “Italian universities, in parallel with technical institutes and companies in the management of funds, by systematizing their theoretical-practical contribution in a more useful educational path, are and will also be the main figures in the definition and implementation of paths that after two or three years, they lead to the ITS exam.A contribution that I hope will soon be guaranteed, thanks to the improvements that can be made by the Reform Act, also by the institutions of higher artistic, musical and dance education.The effective presence of universities in The ITS Foundations then guarantee the success of the bridge that we want to build and promote for the benefit of young people who, after completing their years of education at ITS, decide to continue their studies with a degree. on some solid principles, including that the evaluation of the academic path the student comes from and the recognition of merit that should not be repeated – an evaluator ing, which is up to the university issuing the degree – is strict in guaranteeing the quality of the curriculum that the degree seals “.

If they are added to the considerations that Crui sends to late. Riccardo Nencini de put forward by Prof. Antonio Auricchio, President of Anvur, to simply limit himself to the level of these difficulties, it will require a lot of planning and management work to improve the relationship between Its Academy and the university system. The resulting impact would lead to the optimization of a tutoring-orientation-placement process, which is difficult, especially at first glance, for schools to help last year’s students get to know the ITS system and not just the university.

Not only that: the establishment of new funds should be limited as much as possible and instead focus on increasing students and courses, while maintaining the same quality of ITS throughout the country. Non-functioning courses or funds must be corrected. The quality, merit and evaluation of the specific training courses must increasingly be at the heart of the activities of all the institutions and offices involved.

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