MobilitAria 2022: Italy still lags behind with PM10 reduction

Bicycles and scooters were the main characters in 2021. But we still do not have enough to reduce the pollution of our cities. This was revealed by the MobilitAria report from 2022, which correlates the presence of polluting dust in the atmosphere and the viability of the analyzed metropolises.

2021, as you may have seen, was the year of scooters and bicycles. A little why the health emergency has removed people from public transport, but also because something is finally moving on the front of mobility sweet. Perhaps you too, like so many others, will have convinced yourself to respect the environment It is a decision which is based on the individual.

Yet something is still wrong: “You’re smart, but you do not apply“Would tell us ours Planet if he could speak. And it can, in fact, because its Messages are visible to everyone. L ‘air it’s still too much pollutedThe MobilitAria 2022 report fromorganization non-profit Kyoto Club i Cooperation with Department of Pollution by the National Research Council and Isfort for the European Clean Cities campaign. The investigation on the 2021 situation analyzed the air quality and mobility of 14 metropolis Italian: Bari, Bologna, Cagliari, Catania, Florence, Genoa, Messina, Milan, Naples, Palermo, Rome, Reggio Calabria, Turin, Venice.

The analysis shows how greenhouse gases emitted in transport have grown by about 4% in 30 years

Did you know that while doing your thing daily activities there is someone analyzing quality air and related emissions of greenhouse gases of big cities? One of these center from Education it is ISPRA, but there are others. ISPRA in this case it gave database of emissions data of NOX (nitrogen oxides) e PM10 (particles with a diameter of about 10 µm that remain in the atmosphere for a long time) in the period from 1990 to 2019.

As you may already know, these are powders stay for a long time scattered into the atmosphere and they can be transported in places far away from where they were produced. To be off chemical nature very varied, I am able to enter Human body via the respiratory tract, with negative effects on health.

According to report MobilitAria 2022, 2021 is one of the years where mobility sustainable, in fact:

  • Bicycle path: in 2021 more metropolis they increased their net from slopes bike paths. Here are some examples: +69 km to Rome, + 29 km to Genoa, + 17 km Turin, + 12 km Turin, + 12 km Bologna, and finally + 11 km to Cagliari.
  • Scooters: if you live in one of these town you will have noticed that they are there in a few months filled from funds for electric micromobility: i scooters. Catania and Palermo was among the last cities that supplied themselves with these funds, now finally also the citizens of the two Sicilian metropolis will be able to use it.
  • Public transport: some cities have managed to increase public transport also thanks to funds of Ministry of transport. Between virtuous cities there is Milan, which has increased its fleet by 1,500 vehicles, Turin by a thousand and Bari by 500.
  • Bicycle sharing: that town of bicycles, contrary to what one might think, is Milan. That The capital of Lombard has brought its fleet to 17,000 bicycles, but Rome also has 9,700 bicycles available, followed by Turin with 5,300, Florence with 4,000 and Bologna with 2,500.
  • Car sharing: “Alla romana” is not just a way of saying, in fact it is capital there town where is cars in sharing they are used more (2153), followed by Milan (2118) and Turin (880). As I Milanese they prefer it scooterMilan is actually in first place for this type of shared mobility with 4352 vehicles, followed by the capital with 3400.

The report differs from the previous ones due to for the first time, there are data on greenhouse gas emissions from metropolises considered. The analysis shows that greenhouse gases emitted in transport have grown by around 4% in 30 years and that there are still too many emissions derived from cars compared to those of public transport (two-thirds). According to the information in the report, it is also useful to highlight three important considerations in the study:

  • From metropolis taken into account, several of them consistently exceed more than 35 times the daily limit of PM10 annually
  • That car diesel engines are declining while electric and hybrid cars are growing
  • CNR-IIA highlighted one considerable distance of the current concentrations with i.a. values recommended byWHO. According to the data, no metropolis is in line with WHO parameters.

Some mobility data are reassuring, others worrying concentrations they are not at all. There is more to do, and also Anna Donati from “Sustainable Mobility” (Kyoto Club) acknowledges: “The report clearly shows negative weight of traffic convey for pollutant emissions and greenhouse gases and they come emphasize that critical issues of our urban mobility system, with the chronic weakness public transport and active mobility. There is significant investment coming from the PNRR and from the budget, however still missing 5 billion to be allocated to the tram and metro network to cities, at least 1.2 billion to be allocated to bicycle mobility and a further 1 billion / year to services from transport collectively if we want to accelerate turning point against sustainable cityimplement the SUMPs and reach a CO2-neutral city by 2030 ”.

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