Italy remains at the bottom of the electric mobility rankings, as highlighted in the new EY Electric Vehicle Country Readiness Index. The ranking, with the ten most important car markets in the field of electric mobility globally, sees three leading nations in the electric breakthrough: China, Sweden and Germany. Followed by the United Kingdom, South Korea, the United States, Japan and Canada. Penultimate position for Italy, just ahead of India. The EY Index, which represents 75% of the global light vehicle market, focuses on three main analysis indicators, namely supply, demand and current regulation in the countries surveyed, with the aim of providing a comprehensive overview for each nation of actual maturity and preparation for electrical and sustainable mobility.
The overhaul of the electric car in 2033
Sales of electric vehicles in China, Europe and the United States are expected to exceed sales of all other powertrains in 2033. By analyzing the enabling factors for the growth of electric vehicles and the consequent development of the market, the EY Electric Vehicle Country Readiness Index shows how the world trend is increasingly moving towards a decarbonised economy in the automotive and energy sectors. The results reveal some key factors in the most virtuous nations (China, Sweden and Germany) in the field of e-mobility: First of all, the significant public / private commitment to establish a productive ecosystem and a supply chain that is as integrated as possible and nationally the basis for a competitive and cost advantage; also the greater propensity of consumers for a bev / phev electric vehicle; finally, the government’s stimulus combined with regulatory actions and incentives as well as business support initiatives are fundamental to the mobility ecosystem. Of course, China’s first position is linked to electric mobility, and certainly not to environmental awareness from the dependence on 60% of coal to power its own power plants.
Italy at the bottom of the rankings
The Italian ranking, in 9th place in the EY Index, shows how some factors are not yet mature, compared to what is happening in the leading countries, where there is an industrial chain that is already in an advanced stage of conversion to electricity, which accompanies this growing market with adequate infrastructure. The proposed (and not yet confirmed) objective of phasing out vehicles with internal combustion engines, which are expected to play a fundamental role by 2040. Italy, an importer of electricity with a supply deficit of -6.9%, must face the challenge of the reduced reliability of the network and the utilities and aims at expanding the charging infrastructure. If you consider that the ratio of battery chargers to electric vehicles in 2020 was 0.13 in Italy, on a par with the global average of 0.1, we understand how public fast chargers installed are a small percentage of the total, which only they represent 3.3%.
Electric and phev cars are growing but remain a niche
Electric car surveys can have different interpretations. If, on the one hand, increases in Bulgarian percentages are an indicator of the greater attention paid to vehicles without a thermal engine, also thanks to the maximum government incentives, on the other hand, it is important to quantify the real sales volumes. An example? 232% growth in the electricity and plug-in hybrid market in Italy in 2020, against a decrease of 28% in the entire market. Assuming that the data refer to the combination of pure electric and plug-in hybrids (ie thermal cars to which an electric motor has been added – with average distances of about 50 km without emissions), the Bev figures remain a niche in the market as demonstrated by the 31,433 registrations in twelve months.
In terms of sustainable mobility, 54% of the interviewed sample (1,006 elderly Italian citizens) who are changing cars within the next three years will be oriented towards hybrid (43%) or electric (11%) models. 20% of the sample shows openness to new ownership formulas (eg long-term lease) and new purchasing methods proposed by car manufacturers.