Pros and cons of electric cars, all pros and cons.

Let’s try to understand what are the pros and cons of electric cars, from tax breaks to autonomy limits

Electric cars will increasingly become part of our future, whether we like it or not. But unlike those who constantly praise them, as well as those who do nothing but demonize them, we are aware that like any product, there are both pros and cons to electric cars.

I am writing this article as the owner, for almost six months now, of an electric Fiat 500 with a very slightly sober color: if already before, when I tried them, I had an idea of ​​the pros and cons, now that I drive all el -weeks, I can say I have qi in mindwhat are the benefits and what instead of the problems. Let’s see them together!

The benefits of electric cars

The performance

There is no race: with the same force, an electric car will always offer better driving dynamics. The electric has a direct power transmission to the wheels, which is why the torque is always higher than a thermal equivalent.

An advantage in several senses: You probably have a little more fun to drive, especially when it comes to acceleration. But this also leads to the elimination of problems with recovery, restart uphill, restart at traffic lights, driveway at roundabouts: just press the pedal a little to get the pressure we need. And this even on a Dacia Spring with only 45 HP!

The silence

Every time I take someone with me on the 500e or on an electric one that is tested, first of all, the silence is praised .. It is inevitably a merit, because it increases and not a little the acoustic comfort and makes you enjoy even better what you hear .. Or vice versa, it allows you to enjoy a bit of silence in not very busy streets.

Even better at high speeds: no aperture, just the rush of air.

Regenerative braking

Another point in favor of the electric is the regenerative braking, which was recently also introduced on some hybrids. These cars are actually capable of when they brake convert kinetic energy into electricitywhich is immediately stored in the vehicle’s batteries.

This is estimated to lead to a saving of about 30% in energy consumption and not to underestimate, it favors a lower consumption of the brakes and makes driving more comfortable in heavy traffic and its frequent stop & go. A true fact: on the electric ones I try, my inclusive, I only use the brake when suddenly there is a need to slow down.

The tax and economic benefits of electric cars

Most of them have a very high purchase price, but it is rare to pay them full price: between incentives and generous discounts, at least 8,000 euros can be saved, and this benefit is very noticeable, especially in small cars with prices between 20 and 40,000 euros , where that number can really make a difference.

In addition, there are a number of concessions, such as total exemption from payment of stamp duty in almost all Italian regions; free parking on blue and yellow lines in many cities; just as free access to ZTL too Motor liability insurance is reduced by 50% for electric cars, in many cases.

Separate discussion on refueling, che remains practical within a certain battery capacity: up to 50 kWh, in fact, a full recharge at the public columns, even after the recent rise in energy prices and also the more powerful ones, costs significantly less than a full tank of petrol, diesel and methane. However, the larger the battery, the thinner the differences, and in some cases it actually becomes more expensive to recharge a full tank. But if you want to know more, I refer you to the dedicated article.

Finally maintenance. The electric motor is very simple, and has far fewer components than the internal combustion engine. This, along with regenerative braking, seems to make them more reliable. The battery also has a fairly long average life: 5 years or 100,000 km for nickel-metal hydride batteries and 8 years or 300,000 km for lithium batteries, the most common. It should be noted that in the vast majority of cases, the batteries are guaranteed for 10 years by the manufacturer.


The disadvantages of electric cars

The charge

Without a doubt, it represents for me the biggest of the disadvantages of electric cars. Cars that take at least 20 minutes to refuel, and only on charging stations from 60 kW and up, remain slower and require the famous mentality change, which is not easy for everyone to implement. For some, like the author, it is not a transcendental problem: I load once a week, usually when I shop or go for a walk somewhere; I’m used to taking coffee breaks on the highway.

The second problem is the lack of infrastructure: in two years they have more than doubled, but we are still talking about a few pillars (about 30,000), mostly at 22 kW – therefore slow – and distributed mainly in the north.

Autonomy

Immediately connected is the problem of autonomy, which is actually very difficult to understand. The value that the houses indicate is always far from reality, and the delta depends on model to model: On the Volvo XC40 Recharge, for example, our real-range test went quite well. In other cases, we are talking about actual 200 km less than the reported value.

In general, to date, also thanks to the lack of columns on the highway, which Free To X only now puts a patch on, there is no electric car with the same autonomy as a thermal car, and making a trip longer than 200 km almost always requires a little more time. As usual, it depends on how much this thing makes a difference in everyone’s life, but it’s undeniable that it’s a disadvantage.

Also because one never brakes on the highway, except for accidents or work, which is why the benefit of regenerative braking, which recovers a lot, is lost, in cars that convert 80% of the energy into motion (a lot).

Weight

Still connected is the question of weight: batteries are very heavy, and increase in mass, the greater their capacity. This is also why many cars have autonomy values ​​that are very far from those that are communicated.

The 500e is already a good example: The small Italian electric car weighs 1365 kg, certainly more than the 905 kg of the older generation today mild hybrid. Cars like the BMW iX, on the other hand, exceed 2.5 tons. This can be a problem in the long run for the suspension, while the important mass in use is felt above all by braking.

The price

A very subjective disadvantage, but it is undeniable that electric cars still have higher prices than thermobiles today.

This, of course, punishes them above all, if combined with the other disadvantages mentioned: there are many who will not spend more without being able to travel long distances, which they usually travel with their diesel car; and there are many who do not want to spend a lot of money on cars with still quite urban autonomy.

Incentives, as mentioned above, actually do something, but it remains a point against them.

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