(by Silvia Lambertucci)
The powerful torso of two boxers, the large flexible shield that covers the abdomen and encloses the arm, then a head, legs, other parts of the body, the fragments of a model of nuraghe. A few days after the last campaign resumed the excavation, in the nuragic necropolis of Mont’e Prama in Cabras, the remains of two new monumental statues appeared, two giants added to the stone army by warriors, archers and boxers three thousand years ago , which made the world-famous Sardinian archeological site still shrouded in mystery. A truly “important” result that gives hope for further surprises in the coming weeks predictsHANDLERS the principal Monica Stochino. While the Minister of Culture FranceschinI recall that the discovery takes place a little less than a year after the birth of Foundation involving MiC, the municipality of Cabras and the region of Sardinia. “A unique discovery that will be followed by others,” he says excitedly.
The field investigation was launched on April 4 and confirmed the continuation south of the necropolis and the impressive burial road that runs along the tombs. “For us, it is proof that we are on the right track,” he emphasizes archaeologist Alessandro Usai, scientific director of the excavation since 2014, “the programmatic research is bearing fruit, we went to dig without fail in a stretch that had not yet been touched”. Different in their characteristics compared to the boxers found in the late seventies, the two new giants, Usai explains, are of the “wolf horse” type just like the last two dug up in 2014, not surprisingly not far from the current excavation. ., which was precisely characterized by the very special curved shield. “A rare figure that has a reference model in the Nuragian bronze statue kept in Rome in the Etruscan Museum in Villa Giulia,” the archaeologist specifies, referring to the small masterpiece coming from a tomb in the Cavalupo necropolis in the Lazio region of Vulci.
The careful examination, cleaning and removal of the two large torso – which will take time due to the particular delicacy and fragility of the limestone in which they were carved – will certainly provide new elements for examination. But in the meantime, there are already plans to expand the area of вЂ ‹вЂ‹ the ongoing excavation from 10 to 20 square meters. Funded by the Archeology, Visual Arts and Landscape Inspectorate for the city of Cagliari and the provinces of Oristano and Southern Sardinia with 85,000 euros gross, Stochino expects, even more significantly, to 600,000 euros, which also involves the regional secretariat of MiC and which will be added to the large project to 2 million 800 thousand euros, with the goal of restoring everything that was found between 2014 and 2016 to exhibit the new statues along with the others in the Museum of Cabras. A team effort that among excavations, research, investigations, improvements involves various institutions and professionals, universities along with superintendent and foundations, anthropologists, restorers, architects, in addition to archaeologists. All together to find answers to the historical problems that this particular cemetery three thousand years ago, built along a funeral and almost exclusively reserved for young men, enthusiastically tells Usai and explains that in over 170 graves examined “the elderly and children have completely disappeared” while there are very few women. Probably about the centuries of life in this place, born around the twelfth century BC, and on that of the giants that historians place between the ninth and eighth centuries. BC, still remain a lot of mystery, as well as about their end. Who exactly were these stone giants 2.5 meters high: guardians of ancestors of a sacred area, representation of the social functions of the buried dead, heroes, ancestors, identity symbols of a society? And why did they fall then, reduced to rubble on the graves, which they should have watched over: was their end the consequence of an internal struggle between local communities or was it perhaps the Carthaginians’ fault? Usai says he leans towards a further hypothesis, namely a “natural” destruction: “my opinion is that the giants gradually fell by themselves – he explains – all the more so as they, as they were made, were unbalanced. forward “. The passage of time, the upheaval of the earth, the many crops that have taken place on this stretch, which has always been precious to wheat, would have done the rest by reducing statues, nuraghi and betyls, to many fragments which were then mixed. We must definitely go beyond the ordinary, the archaeologist concludes, “here we are looking for answers based on data”. And who knows, the new season of investigations is not really bringing decisive news.