The innovative plan is unlikely to affect housing problems: more needs to be done

From the innovative quality of life plan (Pinqua), a waste of almost 2.8 billion euros zero contrast to housing problems. The Ministry of Infrastructure’s report on the programs presented by municipalities, regions and metropolitan areas clearly states that this plan will only affect housing problems. The report’s report states that in Italy there has been a gradual increase in families living in conditions of absolute poverty. According to Istat estimates, there are around two million poor families in Italy, with an incidence that has gone from 2.5% in 2005 to 7.7% in 2020. The proportion of poor families in the South is particularly high, where is an incidence of 9.4%, corresponding to over 770 thousand families.

The report points out that “Poverty levels for families are strictly linked to the type of use of the house in which they live, 43.1% (866 thousand) of the two million poor families in Italy are rented. 22.1% of families in absolute poverty in the South is a tenant, while these percentages in the northern and central regions are 18.1% and 12.3% respectively. On average, a family in a state of absolute poverty accounts for 35.9% of total family expenses ”.

It therefore appears that the housing discomfort that Pinqua structurally had to deal with as a priority was to provide an appropriate housing response to these incomes and, at the same time as restoration without land consumption, guarantee more public housing, better quality of life and energy efficiency. That was not the case! In fact, although urban renewal and redevelopment of the social housing stock are at the heart of the program, the interventions relate to an increase in vacant housing equivalent to 16,500, of which 80% are not social rental housing but public interventions -private, or that social housing It is not available to those who are in absolute poverty or with income to access public housing.

The report states that of the 2.8 billion euros, resources at the territorial level are distributed as follows: about 1.1 billion (40.1%) have been allocated to the South, the North has a gift of 1.1 billion (37, 9 %), while 618 million (22%) is provided for the center. It is interesting to find out how, while the programs cover about 1.3 million square meters of living space, they are involved in the conversion / new construction only 16,500 housing units. About 40% of these are expected in the northern regions (about 6.6 thousand), where interventions in Lombardy (2.5 thousand homes) have a particular impact. The listed housing units will guarantee controlled access, in function of the social housing taxes. In fact, a very large proportion of interventions are with a controlled fee, not a social fee. This means that Pinqua with its 2.8 billion euros will affect housing shortages, what the same report indicates in families in absolute poverty (866 thousand rented families). very superficial.

Still, it could and more needed to be done and better, in light of a financial commitment stemming from the PNRR and in line with Pinqua’s mission. This was not the case. In the light of only 16,500 more housing units, 80% intended for social housing, which are not public housing with a social fee, today in Italy we have at least 50,000 social housing unused due to lack of maintenance intervention.

Some examples give the idea of ​​how Pinqua was a missed opportunity. Let us take some non-exhaustive examples of unused public housing for lack of maintenance: Rovigo 800 empty public houses, Venice thousand vacant public houses, of which 500 in the center; Mantua 700 empty public houses, Sondrio 38 empty public houses out of 120 families in the rankings; Milan 13 thousand empty public housing; Como 337 empty houses of Aler; Aler Cremona almost 2300 unused public housing, Florence 700 unused public housing, in Pisa 170 public housing closed. Finally, it seems that in Rome there are a few hundred empty public housing units, but the incredible number was discovered by the Tenants’ Association, which after access to documents had the answer that the municipality from August 2021 to February 2022 allocated. only 37 apartments to families on the rankings. In the aforementioned cities alone, we could have recovered about 20,000 social housing units, all assigned to families on the rankings, rebuilt them and made them more efficient for a better quality of life. It did not happen, but not out of a cynical and cheating fate.

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