Organic design: what it is and what characterizes it

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From the wonderful example that comes to us every day from nature, Organic Design draws the primary features and form, to optimize the result that no man could do.

Guide to the characteristics of design and architectural flow: cardinal principles, works and important authors.

Organic design

How easy is it to guess when it comes down to it Organic designor Organic designwe refer to design inspired by natureconsidered the best designer.

What brings forth Organic design this is how the innate design economy of natural elements immediately leads to functionality and a great aesthetic sense. Everything is disciplined and tangible in many different ways. Designers and architects are based on the natural motifs that determine a structure, fascinated by the way in which the highest level of technology can arise in all simplicity.

Organic design is available:

  • and Art Nouveau
  • in a lot of architecture built after World War II
  • in objects and examples of designs that mimic the creation of nature and the solutions it uses (biomimetic design)
  • in some branches of robotics.

    MoMA curator Eliot Noyes, who had been dealing with matter since 1941, saw Organic Design as an integration into human life, as a tool created to live better, given that technology, function and form of objects are integrated. , in fact, in an organic way. Today we might say in a biological way, that is, in total harmony with the vital rhythms.

    Practicing organic design means following a kind of code of ethics similar to that of doctors and scientists: first, projects carried out according to its principles must be sustainable. This means that in order to limit the exhaustion of global resources, it will be necessary to design and manufacture products by imitating the very models of nature. With the use of, among other things, computerized technologies, simulation of organic complexity becomes easier and more manageable than before, which, it must be remembered, includes many manifestations of the so-called organic architecture. The latter is based on the balance and harmony between the natural and the built environment, where architecture is thought of as a real organism, connected to the rest. The design current asserts itself in an antagonistic way in relation to rationalism, even though the two worlds have different points of contact.

    For example, some of the most important design criteria for organic architecture can be considered rational, such as reducing the subdivision of spaces, to save light and air to be transported into an open space, using fewer types of materials in a single project, providing it all proportions on a human scale and create the exterior with various protruding surfaces that physically extend towards the surrounding nature, as if to incorporate it, integrate furniture and systems into the space.

    Organic style

    With regard to the organic style of modern design objects and constructions, how can Organic Design works be recognized? Genre theorists often refer to structures that simulate DNA and describe them in standard terms cell phone or skeletonsas well as using the suffix -Scape in the nomenclature of projects (e.g. design landscapes). In common use, materials like velcro are inspired by animals like hedgehogs, then there are curtains that reproduce the insects’ cocoons, packaging that looks like coconuts and honeycomb decks.

    In architecture nature and design show their connection through the realization of damp buildingsable to adapt to environmental conditions and the number of inhabitants, to maximize energy consumption, establish its own microclimate. Among the most important personalities of the organic stream in terms of architecture, the ancestor is certainly Frank Lloyd Wright, of whom one can only mention the famous House by the waterfallone of the greatest examples of integration between construction and nature dating back to 1935 but it it still inspires designers today (An example? Bloomhouse in Austin, Texas). Alvar Aalto, a master of modulating light in interiors and in the use of materials, is also close to movement, although it is often regarded as a rationalist: a summary of his idea can be found in Church of Santa Maria Assunta of Riola, near Bologna. Remaining in Italy, Paolo Soleri was among the founders (but in the United States) of Arcology (from the terms architecture and ecology), a design practice close to bioarchitecture which makes the structure that man has devised almost integrated into the ecosystem of a place. Also worth mentioning are Giovanni Michelucci and Aldo Loris Rossi.

    Recent experiences f rewarded in design, on the other hand, they lead us to the study of algorithms that simulate natural phenomena, used to create lamps capable of self-balancing lighting based on data received from the surrounding environment, experiences that unite Ben Aranda’s research , Chris Lasch, Neri Oxam and Alicia Andrasek. However, direct contact with matter should never fail because of its significance in nature: FormaFantasma will bring it back to life, a unit formed by Italian designers Andrea Trimarchi and Simone Farresin. They are formed in Florence and live in the Netherlands and are among the most admired globally, also hosted by MoMA. Their work stands out for its strong organic visual effect combined with the use of polymers of plant and animal origin, such as Greek pitch, pond and shellac. This shows that nature itself often contains the answer to the production problems that plague man with the need for objects and tools. Series Botany it is exemplary from this point of view, created by FormaFantasma in collaboration with the Plat Foundation, dedicated to the restoration and preservation of works made of plastic.

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