The tools to know the discrepancies by …

Rome, Apr 13 – As we often remember, it is also in our articles more and more clearly “it the value of disseminating information which essential tool for increase the level of security in the workplace “. For example, the conclusions that have emerged in connection withtechnical assessment activities associated with machinery and work equipment “provides an important background for information that can make the contribution offered to carrying out market surveillance activities more timely and technically valid, leading the subjects responsible for defining reports of suspected non-compliance”.

To remember this, with reference to packaging machines, a recent document, produced by the Department of Technological Innovations and Safety of Plants, Products and Man-made Settlements (DIT) in Inail, is entitled “The technical assessment of the safety of packaging machines“.

The document, which is based on the information obtained from the database that Inail has compiled over the years to manage the technical assessment activities for market monitoring, presents some Datasheet, with reference to packaging machines, which wish to constitute an “archive for practical and immediate use both for territorial regulators and for manufacturers, employers / users and distributors”. Technical data sheets dealing with “the major discrepancies detected on packaging machines, and highlights the constructive solutions considered acceptable in relation to the reference condition.

The article presenting the document focuses on the following topics:

Technical assessment and packaging machines: the structure of the cards

The document – edited by Sara Anastasi, Silvia Carra and Luigi Monica (DIT, Inail) – therefore presents several Datasheet on the machines, “concerning the Technical Regulation Committee – TC 146 packing machines”, which deals with the main deviations found during the technical assessment activities.

Especially each form consists of “three main parts:

  • -one first descriptive part in which the type of machinery is identified, indicating the name given by the manufacturer in the EC declaration of conformity and a brief description defining the intended use and methods of use; the year of manufacture of the machine is also specified (to be understood as coinciding with the year of marketing) in order to define the reference for the technical development and therefore identify the solutions that can be considered acceptable; the indication of this date is also useful in relation to any available technical reference standard;
  • -one part dedicated to harmonized technical standards reference: this section is not always present because it obviously depends on the availability of relevant technical references; where available, the harmonized Type C standard (or possibly other standards to help define the technical opinion illustrated below) has been reported, indicating the version and date of publication in the Official Journal.
  • a party called “technical assessment“As” again consists of two subsections:
    • one dedicated to reporting suspected non-compliance, where the identified hazardous situation is described, clearly and concisely highlights what was found on the sample to be reported, with reference to the part of the machine involved and the situation of use considered. And in this part “the dangerous situation was associated with the lack of the essential safety requirement provided for in the Directive, trying to correlate the problem of non-compliance with the requirements of Annex I, indicating that the essential safety requirement (RES) is considered not to be met. to be respected “;
    • “Another focused on technical opinionlimited to the reported deficiencies and therefore to the essential safety requirements (RES) which presumably do not comply with the requirements, the result of the technical assessment carried out by Inail was illustrated, based on the documentation provided by the manufacturers, by already expressed opinions of the “market surveillance authority” , of positions taken in Community fora, and of the reference status of technical progress “.

Technical assessment and packaging machines: harmonized standards

A chapter of the document is then dedicated to harmonized standards which “constitute a useful tool both for the manufacturer in the design and risk assessment phase and for the figures responsible for verifying the conformity of the products”. Indeed, as also mentioned in many of our articles and interviews on market surveillance, if the Machinery Directive prescribes the mandatory essential safety and health protection requirements, the harmonized standards provide detailed technical specifications to comply with these essential requirements. safety and health protection that defines the current technique to be taken into account. In other words, the harmonized standard indicates the level of security that can be expected from a particular type of product at the given time “.

And the machinery manufacturer who “chooses to use other technical specifications must be able to demonstrate that his alternative solution complies with the safety and health protection requirements and provides a level of safety at least equivalent to that achieved by applying the specifications of the harmonized standard”.

We take from the document some indications that are valid for the types of machines that belong to the regulatory technical committee – TC 146 packaging machines. For each type of packaging machine where available, “the references of the applicable standards shall be indicated, indicating the date of publication in the Official Journal, as a reference for the current state of the art and for the presumption of conformity”. And the references from EN 415-1“Because in any case it is necessary to comply with it with regard to the correct classification of the packaging machine and hence any standard to be adopted”.

Technical assessment and packaging machines: card index and cards

The technical data sheets concerning the machines relating to TC 146 packaging machines presented in the document are therefore concluded with “the illustration of the definition of technical assessment opinionwhich assesses the solution implemented by the manufacturer with regard to the current technical level of the specific problem being addressed, and in this sense provides an address even where the chosen technical solutions should be different from those outlined in the reference legislation, according to a principle of equivalence of the security level reached “.

We conclude the article by referring to the full reading of the Inail document and reporting the index for the Inail document and the 15 technical data sheets presented:

1. Introduction

2. The flow of market surveillance

The harmonized standards

4. Technical data sheets

Appendix – Documentation

The cards presented in the document:

  1. Packaging machine – Technical data sheet 1
  2. Packaging machine – Technical sheet 2
  3. Vacuum food packaging machine – Technical sheet 3
  4. Rotary heat sealer for bags with hot stamping – Technical data sheet 4
  5. Automatic cable packing machine – data sheet 5
  6. Modified Atmosphere Packaging Machine – Technical Sheet 6
  7. Chocolate wrapping machine – Technical sheet 7
  8. Automatic palletizing system with palletizing machine from above – Technical sheet 8
  9. Electric volumetric filler – Technical sheet 9
  10. Box packages – Technical sheet 10
  11. Automatic net machine – Technical sheet 11
  12. Cylindrical Bottle Wrapping Machine – Technical Sheet 12
  13. Thermoforming machine for vacuum packing machine – Technical sheet 13
  14. Carton filling machine – technical sheet 14
  15. Semi-automatic covering machine – Technical sheet 15

RTM

Download the document from which the article was taken:

Inail, Department of Technological Innovations and Safety for Plants, Products and Man-Made Settlements, “The Technical Assessment for the Safety of Packing Machines”, by Sara Anastasi, Silvia Carra and Luigi Monica (DIT, Inail), version 2022 (PDF format, 6.72 ) MB).

Go to the area reserved for subscribers dedicated to “Safety data sheets for packaging machines”.

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