Wheel loaders are the universal machines for handling loads

In order to carry out loading and unloading operations and other work in the construction and public service sector, agriculture requires the use of specialized machines, among which wheel loaders can be highlighted. These are universal self-propelled machines, presented at the link https://machineryline.it/-/pale-gommate–c180, whose purpose is to capture and transport goods. Thanks to its universality and versatility, wheel loaders can replace a bulldozer, excavator and other special machines.

Special features of the wheel loader structure

Machines belong to the class of lifting equipment. Wheel loaders are in most cases self-propelled machines on a frame with wheels and include the following elements:

  • 4 wheels with the same diameter;
  • motor on the back of the device;
  • cabin;
  • articulated frame;
  • a large bucket placed in front;
  • lifting arm;
  • replaceable accessories (mounting hook, jaw grip, burr and multi-jaw bucket, fork gripper, barrel blade, road sweeper brush and other items).

Models with track frames or tractors on wheels are also produced. The special machine is characterized by compact dimensions, lightness and high maneuverability.

The main functions of a wheel loader are: to grab, lift, load, transport, move, unload and stack materials. And also – digging, removing snow and debris, construction site planning and towing objects over short distances.

Wheel loaders are in demand in the following sectors and directions:

  1. Buildings. Transport of building materials, loading of products in the body shop, unloading and storage. Construction of fences, pile foundations, laying of underground communications, drilling of wells for water and excavation of wells with a auger.
  2. Warehouse logistics. Loading and unloading operations, handling, stacking and arranging goods, also loose and small.
  3. Municipal sector. Snow and waste removal, burial and soil planning.
  4. Agriculture. Loading and unloading of silage, bulk products, as well as barrels, bags, flax rolls. Transport of soil, fertilizer, loosening of the soil with a mounted rake, as well as cleaning of weeds and cut grass. Plowing the soil with a mounted plow.
  5. The wood industry. Wood cutting, as well as – transport of piles and pipes.

Variants and selection criteria for wheel loaders

Wheel loaders are characterized by several criteria. Highlights:

  • Load capacity: Skid steer loaders (up to 2 tonnes), compact mechanisms (2-5 tonnes), middle class machines (5-10 tonnes), heavy machinery (from 10 tonnes).
  • Frame type: rubberized, grooved.

According to the purpose, wheel loaders are classified into types:

  • universal (general use);
  • special (for example for mines).

Key factors to consider when choosing a wheel loader include:

  1. Sector for use of the machines, tasks performed.
  2. Bucket volume. For example: UN 053 (1 cubic meter), Changlin 935 F (2 cubic meters), Caterpillar 950H (3 cubic meters), Komatsu WA420 (4 cubic meters), Volvo L220F (5 cubic meters), Liebherr L576 (6 cubic meters). )).
  3. Load capacity. Lightweight machines are required when working under limited conditions. Heavy models – in quarries, on large outdoor construction sites.
  4. Lifting height of the working body.
  5. Comfort and ergonomics in the operator’s workplace.
  6. Possibility of maintenance work (availability of service centers).
  7. Fuel saving.
  8. Availability of additional equipment.

Thanks to their universality and wide functionality, wheel loaders have high performance, maneuverability, a large number of options, layout for the activities performed, maintaining stability during operation, reliability and strength.

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