Building intervention: CILA, SCIA, free building and building permit

Probably every Italian citizen has found himself at least once in his life with the need for home renovation. The first question that has definitely been asked is: “How should I move?”.

The first step is to contact a qualified technicianor for a general evaluation and the presence of the conditions to start. This is because, under Italian law, there are building regulations, structural, cadastral and energy which every homeowner should know and absolutely respect.

The topics that will be covered in this article:

The art. 3, of the Building and Construction Act defines in detail the building interventions, which are:

  • Common maintenance procedures: this category includes repairs, renovations and replacement of finishes on one immobilein addition to those useful for integrating or maintaining the technological systems already in place in full efficiency.
  • Extraordinary maintenance interventions: caters to buildings in need renovation and replacement of some of their structural parts and those relating to sanitation and technological services that can be built from the ground up or integrated. However, these interventions must not change the total volume of the buildings and their intended use.
  • Conservative restoration and redevelopment interventions: this category includes those which are suitable for the preservation of the building structure and the preservation of the functionality of the building through a series of works which, while respecting the typological and structural elements, may change its intended use, provided that these elements are compatible with those present in the implementation plans contained in the urban planning instrument.
  • Building renovation intervention: transform a building in whole or in part and involve the elimination, alteration and deployment of new systems and elements. DL n. 76/2020 (The Simplification Order), which was transformed into law in September 2020, stated that the interventions from demolition and reconstruction of buildings.
  • New construction work: relates to the construction of new buildings based on the municipal plan.
  • Urban restructuring interventions: aims to replace the existing urban building material with another.

All of the interventions described above require specific permissions, which are:

There CIL (Communication of Commencement of Works) it is a procedure whereby the commencement of the work is notified to the municipality. It is a very simple communication that can be easily handled by any citizen and does not involve intervention by a technician.

The works in this notice relate to the installation of solar panels on the roof of a building or the layout of the areas around it.

The type of work is listed in Presidential Decree 380 of 2001, paragraph 2 of Article 6or:

  • works involving flooring and finishing of outdoor spaces;
  • works aimed at creating water collection tanks and cavities completely underground, therefore inaccessible to outsiders;
  • works aimed at satisfying temporary needs, which must therefore be removed when their functionality expires.

When the intervention of a technician is required for the planned work, CILA (notice of certified commencement of works).

Although the building interventions do not result in payments for the benefit of the affected municipalities and can easily be initiated even without permits, it is still anticipated. a project to support them.

The concept of claim implies responsibility for the technician, who must declare the following in the document:

  • compliance with the interventions to be made with what is laid down in the applicable rules, in particular what is laid down by the municipality in byplan;
  • the compatibility of the work to be carried out with the applicable anti-Semitic laws and with the legislation laying down the energy standards of buildings;
  • exclusion of the structural parts of the buildings.

TO the extraordinary maintenance work is covered by CILA. However, it must be said that the construction parts of the building must not be touched, as well as the intended use and volume.

There SCIA (Start of Activity Signaling) it is a declaration that can be imposed on both the private citizen and the company that is required to carry out the building interventions.

According toArticle 22 of the Consolidated Construction Actthe interventions subordinate to SCIA are as follows:

  • extraordinary maintenance of the structural parts of a building or on the elevations of the building;
  • building interventions for the purpose of restoring and rehabilitating the building;
  • building interventions in connection with new construction or renovation approved by the competent body, which must indicate indications of a planned volumetric, constructive and formal nature;
  • building interventions aimed at renovating a building that may completely or partially change its original appearance. This category includes demolition and reconstruction interventions.

That permission to build it is issued by the reference municipality and it is important to start certain construction work. Disciplined by the Consolidated Construction Act, it is used for new construction, extensions or for radical restructuring interventions.

If you go into detail,Article 10 of the Consolidated Law it is stated that the building permit is necessary for:

  • new construction work;
  • building renovation interventions that will completely or partially change the original shape of the building, which is detailed in cadastral surveyas well as the total volume or prospectuses;
  • urban restructuring interventions.

Regulated from Presidential Decree of 6 June 2021that super-DIA (notice of commencement of construction activities) it was an administrative measure that was replaced in 2010 by SCIA.

Like SCIA, super-DIA was a self-certification to be sent to the competent municipal office. Attached to the self-certification, the project must have been prepared by a qualified technician (land surveyor, engineer or architect).

This project served to certify the compliance of the intervention with hygienic-sanitary, urban planning, building and technical requirements, such as thermal insulation.

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