The school is behind, and there is an urgent need to rethink the learning processes and the collaboration between school and work with human focus. This is what emerged during the seminar in Lamezia Terme, organized by Ipsaar Einaudi, by the association for the common good “The South already and not yet” and by Di.SAL
The central report was given by Giorgio Vittadini, President of the Foundation for Subsidiarity and curator along with Giorgio Chiosso and Anna Maria Poggi of the volume “The Journey into Character Skills. People, Relationships, Values”.
Vittadini introduced by quoting the function of the school, which is not a social investment, as culturally considered in Italy, but has always been a factor of vertical integration, a factor that the person capable of working in a changing world, created with. . Equal opportunities are only present at the entrance, for access to basic education courses, but there are no equal opportunities to complete the education courses. This is evident in the numbers of the 150,000 dropouts per year, with school dropouts having an implicit character, dictated primarily by the difficulty of attending. And with significant territorial differences: in Italy, one in four students is at risk of spreading, but in the south, this risk increases to one in three. It is discriminatory how the role of vocational schools is not taken into account, with the experts being instead the real engine of development in the phase of the economic boom of the 1960s and the difference in tools (such as labor costs) available in some regions and not in many others, perhaps where they would be most useful.
For Vittadini, non-cognitive skills, their significance, their measurement highlight the overcoming of human capital by aiming at the development of the person as a whole, as an ability to adequately relate to reality, to build bonds and social relationships, for dialogue and the common good. NCS (Non cognitive skills) focuses on individual factors, primary needs and expectations for success, and overcomes the idea of a school that is only functional for production. The positive contribution from skills alone is by no means automatic, as was mistakenly thought in recent decades. Grade skills are also related to the economic development of a country.
“Grade skills – still Vittadini – are the future of career guidance. No educational body alone (school, family, parish, associations, profession) is capable of carrying out such a project, but an educating community is needed. The pace of change, combined with the ongoing difficult economic situation due to pandemics and war, will increasingly focus on the ability to “learn to learn”, a quality associated with personality such as passion, determination, critical ability, humility, creativity, mentality . openness, responsibility, emotional stability “.
Vittadini, taking the results of a recent research from the University of Trento, noted how the development of NCS leads to a direct growth also of cognitive skills, improving traditional school results. According to Vittadini, in order to train character skills, the role of teachers is basic, able to guide children leaving a school based on the centrality of the programs and with standardized teaching to a model in which the relationship plays a central role.
The seminar was attended by, among others, the President of Di.sal Ezio Delfino, the President of the Regional Council of Calabria, Filippo Mancuso and Vice-President of the Regional Council, who also has education and work among his powers, Giusi Prince.
The initiative was sponsored and sponsored by ERSAF (Scientific Research and Higher Education Organization), with National Coordinator Michele Monaco drawing the conclusions of the meeting.
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